PTE Academic Writing Sample Essay – Environmental Danger. Discuss Causes?


The environment we live in is in danger due to various problems. What are the underlying causes? Who is responsible to combat this?

Complete the topic within 20 minutes. Write a 200-300 word essay.


There is no deny that our mother earth is in danger and this is something that each one of us know. The occurrence of natural calamities like Tsunami have increased multi-fold in the past decade inviting experts views to outline the underlying causes of this problem and what can be done to combat this.

Increasing awareness about the damage to the environment is the need of the hour. It poses serious threat to whole of living being kind. In this article I will outline the causes leading to this serious issue and solutions of this issue.


The foremost reason that poses serious threat to our environment is the harmful gases present in the air. In the past decade the uncontrolled use of automobiles have increased multi-fold which in turn emits harmful gases like Carbon monoxide. The electronic appliances of our daily use like air conditioners and refrigerators also contaminate air by the discharge of harmful substances. The diverse effect of these gases leads to air pollution and global warming.

Deforestation is the another major cause. The human population is increasing at a fast rate and to meet their daily consumption forests and tress are being cut down. Be it for home or fuel, the man are causing great loss to the environment. Other known causes are the depletion of natural resources like water, fuel and food. The over consumption of resources by the humans and improper waste disposal have resulted in increasing volumes of solid and hazardous wastes that pose major threats to the environments.

The population of the planet has reached an alarming level and some serious steps should be taken now to save our planet earth.

How To Combat?

It is mainly due to human activities that the planet has reached unsustainable levels and now it is our duty and responsibility to lower the loss that has been already done to the nature. Every individual could play a significant role to combat this problem.

We use enormous amount of plastic in our daily life so lets say ‘No’ to plastics. Instead of plastic we can make use of Eco-friendly substitutes that are readily available everywhere. For example: Use paper and cloth bags for shopping.

The government of every country should implemented strict laws for industries that inhibit the release of the toxic wastes and proper waste management. The awareness programs should be organized to encouraging citizens to use more of public transport and plant trees in their neighborhood. The less use of private vehicles will substantially reduce the emission of fossil fuels there by playing a vital role in addressing this issue.


At the end I can say that it is the responsibility of each one of us to do our bit for the environment. Lets work together towards a greener and more sustainable future.

One Response

  1. ShyamReddy March 8, 2017

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