Summarize Spoken Text – You will hear a short report. Write a summary in 50-70 words.
Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the report.
PTE Listening: Summarize Spoken Text
Listen to the audio and summarize it in your own words #1
Note: This transcript is given for your reference purpose only. It will not be given in PTE Academic examination.
About 20 years ago Kent Anger and Barry Johnson came up with 750 chemicals that could harm the brain during development.Click here to read full transcript
Nobody has since then dared to update that number, it’s just a guess today, there has to be more than a thousand if there was 750 twenty years ago. But the problem is also that we have put too little emphasis on this type of, uh, research.
For example, it has taken so far the OECD 10 years to devise a battery of tests that they could recommend for systematic testing of chemicals for developmental neurotoxicity. That panel, that battery, has not yet been completed and authorized by OECD so it’s taking way, way, way too long because it is complicated. But there is so much at stake.
Children are just losing IQ points and losing their concentration span, memory or motor functions. But in the present world where there’s so much emphasis on knowledge and brain functions this can also translate into dollars. The EPA has calculated that every time a child loses one IQ point because of chemical pollution it costs society something like $8,000 or $10,000.
SAMPLE RESPONSE :CLICK HERE (Summary)
About twenty years ago, it was estimated that there are 750 chemicals that can affect the developing human brain, and today there may be over 1000. There is little emphasis on the possible damage caused to developing children from these chemicals. It has taken the OECD ten years to develop an index to test for developmental neurotoxicity. Economically, each IQ point lost to chemical poisoning has an impact of $8,000-$10,000.
Listen to the audio and summarize it in your own words #2
TRANSCRIPT : Advertising may also be advantageous to the consumer, because it produces an increase in consumption and production and a reduction in price.Click here to read full transcript
Frequent advertising may also help to stabilize demand and a stable market leads to consistent production and a reduction of waste. Advertising is also a guarantee of quality, since a producer who invests money in building up a reputation will not readily endanger it by offering inferior goods.
Thus advertising helps to produce consistency of quality. Also, if we have learned to trust the quality of goods produced by a certain manufacturer, we shall be more ready to buy other articles bearing his trade- mark on the assumption that they will be good. Advertising is also advantageous to the consumers, if it increases the sale of goods, industry prospers and prices may be reduced.
On the other hand, much of the canvassing of which the consumer is the object does not convey information but endeavors merely to draw the public‟s attention to certain products. There is no obvious connection for example, between a picture of a smiling girl and a certain brand of sweets, but for most people like looking at pictures of pretty girls, and the advertiser‟s assumption is that by looking at such pictures the consumer will be influenced to buy his products.