Multiple-choice Choose Single Answer – Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
This is a multiple-choice item type that assesses reading skills. It requires test takers to read, analyze, understand and assess a short text on an academic subject and choose a single correct response.
PTE Reading – Multiple-choice Choose Single Answer
Read the following passage and answer question 1.
Many of us have become aware that statistically, the majority of Americans are overweight. Although we hear this often in the media, not everybody may realize the implications of this fact for health care and ultimately for our national economy. Not only is excess weight associated with heart disease, a number of different cancers, and other problems; it especially is associated with diabetes. In 2011, 28.5 million of American citizens had diabetes. An additional 66 million Americans had pre-diabetic symptoms. In 2011, medical costs for diabetics were $174 billion per year. Research from a health insurance company projected that by 2020, diabetes would cost America $3.4 trillion per year. The federal government would pay over 60% of that total. Accordingly, some organizations have recommended that losing weight by reducing our intake of high-calorie foods could help save the government money by lowering the risk, and hence the incidence, of diabetes. As a result, improving our physical health also can improve our fiscal health.
1. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of this passage?
[A]. More than 28 million Americans had diabetes in 2011.
[B]. Losing weight reduces diabetes risk, thereby saving government expense.
[C]. The federal deficit must be reduced to allow for medical expense.
[D]. Diabetes has become an American epidemic unrelated to weight.
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Read the following passage and answer question 2.
Not surprisingly, the crime victims are often called upon to identify the person who robbed or attacked them. For a jury, the victim’s testimony is often proof positive that the accused is guilty. After all, who can better identify the wrongdoer than the person harmed. This is just common sense. Yet as is so often the case, common sense can be misleading. As it turns out, crime victims don’t necessarily make reliable witnesses. Overcome with fear, they often close their eyes or focus fixedly on the weapon being used to threaten them. As a result, they don’t get a good look at the thief or attacker. While it’s not true that crime victim testimony is always inaccurate, it’s also true that one can’t assume a victim’s identification is automatic proof of guilt.
2. Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?
[A]. Crime victims do not always correctly identify those who have harmed them.
[B]. Crime victim testimony is almost always inaccurate because during the crime, the victim was overcome with terror.
[C]. The testimony of crime victims has put far too many people in jail.
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