(Multiple-choice, Choose Multiple Answer) Practice Test – Read the paragraph and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. Answers are given at the end.
Reading Test – (Multiple-choice, Choose Multiple Answer)
Read the following passage and answer question 1.
The standard of medicine in the United States is generally agreed to be very high. There is no shortage of well qualified specialists, and there is a lot of individual attention. Treatment is backed up by the latest in the way of medical technology. Doctors and hospitals do their utmost not to make mistakes, because if they do they risk being made to pay out enormous sums in compensation.
But the American health care system has what look like insoluble problems. There are in fact two systems side by side. One is the private system run on the basis of free competition. The other is the public system which had to be created because such a large part of the population, including many of the elderly, could not afford to pay for the absurdly expensive private treatment.
The public system is vast. A huge proportion – more than 10 per cent – of the United States federal budget goes on it. Yet there are still very large numbers of Americans who are not covered even by this service. The government tries to keep expenditure down and so sets limits to the income of people using the system. Millions of the unemployed are another important group that is excluded.
1. Which of the following statements about America can be supported from this text?
[A]. America has adequate number of well qualified doctors.
[B]. Patients are given personal attention with regard to treatment in the U.S.A.
[C]. Private patients don’t get proper health care.
[D]. The state of the health system in America is satisfactory.
Read the following passage and answer question 2.
Opera refers to a dramatic art form, originating in Europe, in which the emotional content is conveyed to the audience as much through music, both vocal and instrumental, as it is through the lyrics. By contrast, in musical theater an actor’s dramatic performance is primary, and the music plays a lesser role. The drama in opera is presented using the primary elements of theater such as scenery, costumes, and acting. However, the words of the opera, or libretto, are sung rather than spoken. The singers are accompanied by a musical ensemble ranging from a small instrumental ensemble to a full symphonic orchestra.
2.Which of the following statements about Opera can be supported from this text?
[A]. Opera is a drama sung with the accompaniment of an orchestra.
[B]. Orchestras in operas can vary considerably in size
[C]. Music in musical theater is not as important as it is in opera.
[D]. There is argument over whether the music is important or the words in opera
[E]. Many people find musical theater more captivating than opera.
Read the following passage and answer question 3.
At this stage of civilization, when many nations are brought in to close and vital contact for good and evil, it is essential, as never before, that their gross ignorance of one another should be diminished, that they should begin to understand a little of one another’s historical experience and resulting mentality. It is the fault of the English to expect the people of other countries to react as they do, to political and international situations. Our genuine goodwill and good intentions are often brought to nothing, because we expect other people to be like us. This would be corrected if we knew the history, not necessarily in detail but in broad outlines, of the social and political conditions which have given to each nation its present character.
3. Which of the following statements are supported by information given in the text?
[A]. ‘Mentality’ of a nation is mainly product of its history
[B]. The character of a nation is the result of its gross ignorance
[C]. According to the author his countrymen countrymen should have a better understanding of other nations
[D]. The need for a greater understanding between nations is more today than ever before.
Read the following passage and answer question 4.
A rain forest is a thick jungle which gets an unusually large amount of rain. Rain forests cover about 6% of the earth’s surface. They hold about one-half of the world’s plant and animal types. The four layers of a rain forest are the emergent layer, canopy layer, understory layer and forest floor.
The emergent layer is made up of very tall trees up to 200 feet high. They are usually evergreens. There is good sunlight there. The canopy layer forms a roof over the 2 remaining layers. Animals like snakes, toucans, and tree frogs live in this layer. Not much sun reaches the next layer, the under-story layer. Plants then have to grow larger leaves to try to reach the sun. Jaguars, leopards and many insects live here. The final layer, the forest floor, has almost no plants. Many leaves decay quickly there due to the darkness. Giant anteaters live in this layer.
Rain forests are found in five major areas of the world. Central America is famous for its brightly colored birds. The Amazon jungle in South America is the world’s largest rain forest. It has the greatest variety of plants and animals of any other place on earth. Central Africa contains the world’s second largest rain-forest. The rain-forests of Asia stretch from India in the west to the islands of Java and Borneo in the Pacific Ocean in the east. Australia’s rain-forests are very dense and lush.
The plants that live in the rainforests provide shelter and food for the animals. They also participate in gas exchanges, and provide much of the world’s oxygen supply. Plants compete for sunlight on the ground so some plants live on the branches of other plants. Aerial plants can get food from the air itself using air roots.
Some interesting animals live in the rain-forest. Toucans are colorful birds with short and thick necks. The bright colors on their bill help attract a mate. Their bills are sharp and can tear off pieces of big fruit. They eat lizards and small birds and live in holes in trees. Toucans live in the canopy layer in South and Central America. They are important because they help to scatter the seed from the fruit they eat.
4. Which of the following statements are supported by information given in the text?
[A]. The rain forests are only found in Central Africa and Australia
[B]. There is no sunlight in the emergent layer of the rain forest.
[C]. Some plants live on the branches of other plants.
[D]. Toucans scatter seeds from fruits and berries.
ANSWERS – 1.[B][D] 2.[A][B][C] 3.[A][C][D] 4. [C][D]