Highlight Correct Summary – This is an item type that integrates listening and reading skills, and requires test takers to understand, analyze and combine information from a recording, and then identify the most accurate summary of the recording.
PTE Practice Test: Highlight Correct Summary
Listen to the following audio and choose most accurate summary of the recording.
[A]. The ideology of female benevolence emancipated women from the treacheries of a live stricken with grief and poverty.
[B]. The belief in women’s innate moral superiority allowed women to exercise political power without participating in partisan politics.
[C]. The cult of female domesticity helped some women to gain power and privilege but kept most women confined to the domestic sphere.
[D]. The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.
[E]. The idealization of female altruism enabled women to engage in philanthropic activities but prevented them from managing money and property.
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TRANSCRIPT (Only for reference, it will not be given in actual PTE Academic Test)
The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the innate moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Click here to read full transcript
Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums. By following this path, some women came to wield considerable authority in the distribution of resources and services in their communities.
The sentimentalized concept of female benevolence bore little resemblance to women’s actual work, which was decidedly unsentimental and businesslike, in that it involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries. Moreover, in the face of legal limitations on their right to control money and property, women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy. In contrast to the day-to-day reality of this work, the idealized image of female benevolence lent a sentimental and gracious aura of altruism to the very real authority and privilege that some women commanded—which explains why some women activists clung tenaciously to this ideology. But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.