PTE Sample Test 12 – Writing (Summarize Written Text)

PTE Sample Test Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

PTE Sample Test – Summarize Written Text

  1. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

One of the things that distinguish man from the animals is the power of speech. While it is true that most animals and birds can utter cries which indicate emotion, anger, fear, affection nevertheless, their range of sounds is very limited, so that they are not capable of expressing more complicated emotions. On the other hand, man can express a very wide range of ideas and emotions through speech.

Words are only symbols to which special values and meanings have become attached by general agreement. The same object, consisting of printed pages and a cover is called by a French speaker Livre, by an English speaker book, and by a Hindi speaker kitab, the object is the same in each case, but in each linguistic community a different word to describe it has been agreed upon. Other symbols may be used instead of linguistic ones; a red light is used to indicate danger, a policeman‟s’ upheld hand tells us to stop, a forefinger held to the lips warns us to be quiet; but these substitutes are fairly few in number and therefore cannot be used except in very limited circumstances

The second solution was the invention of a synthetic language based on natural languages, but without their numerous irregularities. The two remaining solutions to the problem of international language are either to adopt as a world auxiliary some existing language already spoken by a large number of people or peoples, or to create a simplified version of one of these languages, in which the vocabulary and grammatical forms would be reduced to a minimum. An example of this is Basic English. Whether we like it or not, English is gradually becoming accepted as a second language by a majority of people all over the world.

2. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

Historically, schools in the US have borrowed the European system of school organization, a system that separates students into grades by chronological age. In general, children begin formal schooling at the age of six in what is referred to as the first grade. For the most part, students progress through twelve grades; however, some students who do not meet minimum requirements for a particular grade may be asked to repeat the year.

Graded schools are divided into primary grades, intermediate grades, and secondary grades. Primary education includes grades 1 through 5 or 6, and may also provide kindergarten as a preparation for first grade. Referred to as elementary school, these grades are usually taught by one teacher in a self-contained classroom. Intermediate grades begin with grade 6 or 7 and offer three years of instruction. At this level, teams of teachers may collaborate to provide subject-based classes similar to those offered in high school. Viewed as a preparation for high school, intermediate education is known as junior high school. At grade 9 or 10, secondary school begins. Classes taught by subject specialists usually last about fifty minutes to allow a student ten minutes to move to the next class before it begins at the top of the hour. At the end of twelve successful grades of instruction, students are eligible for a secondary school diploma, more commonly called a high school diploma.

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