Highlight Correct Summary – This is an item type that integrates listening and reading skills, and requires test takers to understand, analyze and combine information from a recording, and then identify the most accurate summary of the recording.
Listen to the following audio and choose most accurate summary of the recording.
[A]. Violent jihadism is justified on the secular myth of social transformation, rather than the idea of religious apocalypse.
[B]. The myth of social transformation has underpinned many totalitarian movements in modern history, and violent jihadism too exploits this.
[C]. Although it is believed that violence is fueled by religion, the reality is that it is unleashed on the premise of the creation of a modern state.
[D]. Modern history illustrates that it is a myth that societies can be transformed by the systematic use of terror.
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TRANSCRIPT (Only for reference, it will not be given in actual PTE Academic Test)
Modern history abounds with violence fueled by apocalyptic myths, not always explicitly religious in nature. The aim of the Jacobin terror in revolutionary France was the creation of a modern state. Click here to read full transcript
If the violent suppression of the peasant revolt in the Vendée is included, the casualties ran into the hundreds of thousands. The myths that possessed these anarchists in their campaigns of assassination were secular myths of social transformation. Lenin avowedly followed the Jacobin example when he used the Cheka to create a modern state in Russia. One of the factors that distinguished Nazism and fascism from conventional tyrannies was the belief that a new society could be fashioned by the systematic use of terror. Violent jihadism has more in common with these modern totalitarian movements than is commonly supposed.