Global Warming Essay: Causes, Effects & Solutions

This model answer is for global warming essay.

In this post, we have covered the global warming essay quite comprehensively. This article will help you know:

  • What are the leading causes of global warming
  • Long-term & short-term effects of global warming
  • What can Individuals do about it?
  • Role of government
  • Possible Solutions


  • 100 words ( for the students of lower grade)
  • 200 words (for the students of the higher class)
  • 300 words (for the students of IELTS & PTE Academic )
  • 800 words (Take the help of this article to structure your essay)
Global Warming Essay

Global Warming Essay

 1. Global Warming Essay  [100 words]

Why do you think temperature goes too high in summers and too low in winters? Well, such a phenomenon is known as Global Warming.

Global Warming is the extreme rise or increase in the temperature of the surface of the Earth.
Earth’s surface includes both land and water which means that the temperature of not only land increases but that of water as well. Such heat creates many problems for all the living beings like plants, animals and human beings on Earth.

Global Warming is majorly the result of the increased Greenhouse effect. Because of this phenomenon, the water level of both sea and ocean has increased. Such a high increase in the level of water is unwanted and risky too as it can even result in a natural calamity like a flood.

We must take strict actions to prevent such natural disasters and to save our planet Earth.

Recommended Essay:

2. Essay on Global Warming [200 words]

What is Global Warming?

In the most straightforward words –it is the heating up of the Earth’s atmosphere due to non-stop rise in temperature. The primary cause of temperature rise is greenhouse gases.

Global Warming happens because the amount of greenhouse gases like Carbon dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, Methane, etc. has increased mostly in last few years. These gases in the atmosphere soak up or absorb all the heat and raise the temperature which is known as greenhouse effect. This heat creates problems for all the living beings (plants, animals, and humans).

The greenhouse effect is necessary also because it keeps the Earth warm which makes life possible else Earth would freeze. But because of increasing greenhouse effect –Global Warming is taking place.

Global Warming leads to many serious effects which affect the environment severely. Some of the common ones are high sea and ocean level, destruction of aquatic life, high temperature, extreme weather conditions, melting of ice and glaciers, etc.

There are some prevention steps like the planting of trees, forestation, decreasing the use of hazardous chemicals, using of public transport, using wind and solar energy, etc. These measures can reduce the effect of global warming to an extent.

Global Warming is an important topic that can create enormous problems for the existence of life on Earth. Hence, taking measures to reduce Global Warming has become very important.

Must Read: Social Media Essay – Effect Of Social Media on Individuals & Society

3. Global Warming Essay – A threat to human race [300 words]

Topic: Global warming is one of the most severe issues that the world is facing today. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the problem? Write 250-300 words

**Note: Global Warming essay meets the standards required by PTE Academic and IELTS. Check more PTE Essay Topics.

Model Answer:

Scientists have observed that the earth’s average temperature has risen substantially over the past centuries. Humans can be blamed for this as they have augmented the greenhouse emissions which is the leading cause of increasing temperatures. This essay will analyse the causes of global warming and will suggest remedies to lower the risk associated with this alarming problem.

Modernization, urbanisation, and Industrialization remain the cause of the rise in the overall temperature on the earth’s surface. Industries and vehicles emit a lot of harmful gases which leads to the pollution of air as well as increases the heat. Burning fossil fuels is the primary reason for global warming. Coal and gas are used to generate electricity which results in the emission of carbon dioxide in the air. Deforestation is another reason for this problem.

We can curb global warming by taking small steps like switching off lights and electrical appliances when not in use, using solar energy to heat water, switching to electric cars, growing plants, etc. These are some steps we can take care of at an individual level. The government should also promote the use of renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. In addition to that, monitoring factories, car industries and the cutting of trees will help reduce global warming.

To conclude, although global warming is a serious issue, there are steps that governments and individuals can take to reduce its effects. We must collectively come forward to save our planet.

3. Global Warming Essay: Causes, Effects & Solutions


Global warming is a phenomenon due to which the temperature of the earth’s surface; land, water, and atmosphere, is rising year-by-year due to many natural and human-made causes.

Causes of Global Warming

 The primary reason for global warming is the increase in the levels of greenhouse gases within the earth’s atmosphere. These gases absorb much of the heat that’s radiated out of the earth’s atmosphere. As the concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere increase, more and more heat energy that otherwise leaves the atmosphere is absorbed. Hence, resulting in an overall increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, land, and water. The rising levels of greenhouse gases are the primary cause of the phenomenon: Global Warming.

The level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is rising due to natural as well as human-made factors. The most prominent contributors to the rise in the level of greenhouse gases would be overpopulation, deforestation, farming, and electricity generation.

Effects Of Global Warming

The impact of global warming is both: short-term and long-term. The long-term effects, however, are much more significant. A reduction in the snow cover surrounding the poles is one significant long-term effect. In fact, as things stand today, the poles are already melting.

  • Rising Sea Level

Sea-level consequently, is already growing. If things continue to move along this trajectory, it’s predicted that shortly many coast-line countries such as Singapore, Fiji, Egypt, Bangladesh etc. will soon be underwater.

When countries go underwater, there will be widespread damage to flora and fauna that live in these countries. The loss of life will be immeasurable. People who lived in these countries will migrate to other countries. Such migration will cause many economic and political complications in the countries that they choose to relocate. Many people will be fighting for the same land, the same food, the equal job opportunities.

  • Desertification

What’s worse is that one of the other long-term effects of global warming is desertification. Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. The impact of widespread desertification is that the land which was earlier available for cultivation is no longer arable. Hence, there will be lesser land to grow food. Smaller area to grow food for more people equals to disaster. It’s a glimpse into the adverse impact that global warming can have in the long-run.

Solutions To Global Warming

Global warming is not a problem with a direct answer. We can not stop this phenomenon entirely, but it can be slowed down. To slow down global warming, every individual on this planet needs to take ownership of this problem that’s been created by them. The crux of the solution lies in reducing the abundance of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere.

  • Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Out of all the human activities that contribute towards the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, none is more harmful than the burning of gasoline. E-vehicles which do not use gas and instead run on electricity are gaining traction in the marketplace today. Car companies around the world have taken some initiative towards reducing pollution by manufacturing E-vehicles. Volvo, for example, has come out in public and stated that they would soon stop producing petrol and diesel powered engines in favour of E-vehicles and hybrid vehicles.

  • Renewable Energy

Renewable energy is one of the most effective tools we have in the fight against climate change. Generating electricity using these renewable sources will significantly slow-down the global warming process. Generate electricity using renewable sources like wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy

  • Recycling

Adopting the habit of recycling, too, will help slow down the process of global warming. The more we recycle, the lesser we waste. And the lesser we waste, the lesser we pollute the earth.


The human being is a selfish race. If we want to survive, we need to change our selfish ways. If we do not change our selfish means, then it’s highly possible that the children of the present generation may not live a life like the one they are living today. We must come forward to save our planet, Earth.

Recommended Lessons:

Spread the love, share Global Warming Essay on facebook.

Like us on Facebook.

Liked our Article, Share it:


Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.