Pearson English Test 11 – Writing (Summarize Written Text)

Pearson English Test Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Pearson English Test – Summarize Written Text

  1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

There are in the world 3000 different languages and dialects. This did not matter in the Middle Ages, when communications between different parts of the globe were slow and difficult, and when, in Europe at least, all educated men spoke Latin. Things have changed completely in our time. While few men can now speak Latin, the telegraph and the radio have made it possible to talk directly between continents, and a journey which might have taken several months can now be achieved in a few hours by air. It is not surprising, then, that men have increasingly felt the need for a common language, and during the last century various solutions of the problem have been put forward. The first of these was the creation of a completely artificial tongue, quite unconnected with any existing language. Although such a tongue might be difficult for people to learn, it at least had the advantage that everybody started on equal footing.

The second solution was the invention of a synthetic language based on natural languages, but without their numerous irregularities. The two remaining solutions to the problem of international language are either to adopt as a world auxiliary some existing language already spoken by a large number of people or peoples, or to create a simplified version of one of these languages, in which the vocabulary and grammatical forms would be reduced to a minimum. An example of this is Basic English. Whether we like it or not, English is gradually becoming accepted as a second language by a majority of people all over the world.

2. Read and summarize written text in your words.

The history of surgery is fascinating. When we think of surgeons today, we think of highly educated doctors who have trained for years in their specialty area. Surgeons of today are very skilled and have a very high success rate. They operate in sterile conditions and with the aid of imaging such as x‐ray, CT scans, or MRIs. But this wasn’t always the case. In fact, in the Middle Ages, the barbers in a community were also the surgeons. Can you imagine that? Going to the same place for surgery that you would to get your hair cut. Seems strange to us today, but it was the common practice in those days. They also knew nothing about sterile techniques and even operated without gloves. They also used rudimentary tools such as saws and pliers. The worst part, there was no anesthesia. Sadly, most surgery patients died from infection. They also didn’t understand the way the body worked at that time. They would drill holes in people’s head to let the demons out and cut off a leg with a rusty saw. It is a wonder that anybody survived a surgery during those times. Over the years, surgical techniques improved and eventually evolved into the highly trained field it is today. We are lucky to live in a time in which medical advancements abound.

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  • From barbaric practices of the past to the highly sophisticated field of surgery today, the history of surgery is intriguing. Often, the so-called surgeons of the Middle Ages were simple men with no medical knowledge about the body or disease-causing processes, and they often caused the deaths of their patients with unsterilized rudimentary equipment. Fortunately, today, medical advances and techniques have enabled highly skilled doctors to perform surgery to save lives.

  • Modern-day communication between peoples from all over the world has resulted in the necessity for a common language. Basic English, a simplified version of the language with fewer grammatical constructions, has become a means of enhancing global communication and is gradually becoming the world’s second language.

  • Due to pressure of finding common language, the last century came up with two solutions firstly, creation of artificial language and secondly, invention of synthetic language and resulted in, acceptance of English as second language globally.

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  • The essence of having a common language across the world has driving men to think in different possibilities like creation of artificial tongue or invention of a synthetic language with less usage of grammar such as English.

    • Although, there are 3000 different languages and dialects and this did not matter in the Middle Ages, when communications between different parts of the globe were slow and difficult, and when, in Europe at least, all educated men spoke Latin but things have changed completely because the solution was the creation of artificial and synthetic languages to mitigate the vocabulary and grammatical forms.

      • Although,in the Middle Ages barbers in our communities were also surgeons and it was thrilling because they carry out sterile techniques without gloves and also used rudimentary tools such as pliers and there were no anaethesia and patients lost their lives from infections but today surgeons are very skilled and have success rates in operating in sterile conditions and with the aid of MRIs.

  • Communication in different part of the globe can be achieved either by the creation of artificial tongue or by innovation of synthetic language, however, due to various issues now English language has become the second language of the world.

    In the middle age, the barbers worked as a surgeon and performed surgery without anesthesia and with basic tools, saws and pliers, however, due to highly educated surgeons we gets operated in sterile condition with the help of MRI CT scans.

  • The success rate of surgeries was never been this high in Middle Ages due to lack of advance surgical techniques and years of training involved today and because of which lot of people died.

  • English, spoken by majority of people, is being accepted as a second language in the world because of its simplified version, which is Basic English, where the necessity of vocabulary and grammar been kept at minimum.

  • People in different regions are using differnt languages and now a days more people are traveling from one place to another ,hence there is a need to identify the common language across all the regions, hence there are two solutions one with artifical toungue and another one synthetic language has been identified but the two solutions are the problems for international language to adopt .

  • Various medical improvements in Surgery have drastically improved the chances of survival for patients that was totally a miracle in Middle Ages when Barbers used to act or operate as surgeons without any sterile tools and techniques.

  • Modern technologies gave rise to the concerns related to common language for communication where artificial tongue and synthetic language considered as solutions but anomalies were either to adopt an existing one completely or refined it just like Basic English.

  • Evolution of surgery is extremely interesting, started from the barbers and gradually improved and turned into highly skilled specialized surgeons.

  • The process of surgery these days uses advanced medical techniques such as x-rays, MRIs, CT scans and so on, however, in primitive times, the surgeries were performed by barbers using tools like saws and pliers and that too sans anesthesia which resulted in death of many people.

  • There is a dire need to have an international language which can be understood by everyone across the world and a solution to this is becoming Basic English which is gradually being accepted as a second language wordwide

  • Surgery in the olden days is performed by barbers with no prior knowledge of surgical techniques, while the modern day surgeons are well qualified and highly skilled to perform any kind of operation.

    • The need of a common language for better communication between people of different countries has resulted in english, which is now being considered as a second language by most of the people around the world.

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