Pearson English Test Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
Pearson English Test – Summarize Written Text
- Read and summarize written text in your words.
There are in the world 3000 different languages and dialects. This did not matter in the Middle Ages, when communications between different parts of the globe were slow and difficult, and when, in Europe at least, all educated men spoke Latin. Things have changed completely in our time. While few men can now speak Latin, the telegraph and the radio have made it possible to talk directly between continents, and a journey which might have taken several months can now be achieved in a few hours by air. It is not surprising, then, that men have increasingly felt the need for a common language, and during the last century various solutions of the problem have been put forward. The first of these was the creation of a completely artificial tongue, quite unconnected with any existing language. Although such a tongue might be difficult for people to learn, it at least had the advantage that everybody started on equal footing.
The second solution was the invention of a synthetic language based on natural languages, but without their numerous irregularities. The two remaining solutions to the problem of international language are either to adopt as a world auxiliary some existing language already spoken by a large number of people or peoples, or to create a simplified version of one of these languages, in which the vocabulary and grammatical forms would be reduced to a minimum. An example of this is Basic English. Whether we like it or not, English is gradually becoming accepted as a second language by a majority of people all over the world.
2. Read and summarize written text in your words.
The history of surgery is fascinating. When we think of surgeons today, we think of highly educated doctors who have trained for years in their specialty area. Surgeons of today are very skilled and have a very high success rate. They operate in sterile conditions and with the aid of imaging such as x‐ray, CT scans, or MRIs. But this wasn’t always the case. In fact, in the Middle Ages, the barbers in a community were also the surgeons. Can you imagine that? Going to the same place for surgery that you would to get your hair cut. Seems strange to us today, but it was the common practice in those days. They also knew nothing about sterile techniques and even operated without gloves. They also used rudimentary tools such as saws and pliers. The worst part, there was no anesthesia. Sadly, most surgery patients died from infection. They also didn’t understand the way the body worked at that time. They would drill holes in people’s head to let the demons out and cut off a leg with a rusty saw. It is a wonder that anybody survived a surgery during those times. Over the years, surgical techniques improved and eventually evolved into the highly trained field it is today. We are lucky to live in a time in which medical advancements abound.
Share your answer through comments.
To stay updated, like us on Facebook.