Pearson PTE – Writing Test 15 (Summarize Written Text)

Pearson PTE Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Pearson PTE – Summarize Written Text

  1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

Brain drain, which is the action of having highly skilled and educated people leaving their country to work abroad, has become one of the developing countries concern. Brain drain is also referred to as human capital flight. More and more third world science and technology educated people are heading for more prosperous countries seeking higher wages and better working conditions. This has of course serious consequences on the sending countries.

While many people believe that immigration is a personal choice that must be understood and respected, others look at the phenomenon from a different perspective. What makes those educated people leave their countries should be seriously considered and a distinction between push and pull factors must be made. The push factors include low wages and lack of satisfactory working and living conditions. Social unrest, political conflicts and wars may also be determining causes. The pull factors, however, include intellectual freedom and substantial funds for research.

Brain drain has negative impact on the sending countries economic prospects and competitiveness. It reduces the number of dynamic and creative people who can contribute to the development of their country. Likewise, with more entrepreneurs taking their investments abroad, developing countries are missing an opportunity of wealth creation. This has also negative consequences on tax revenue and employment.

2. Read and summarize written text in your words.

There is a place forty kilometres north-east of Portland, Victoria, which makes for an unusual visit. It is Lake Condah. Here are to be found remains of aboriginal settlements: the circular stone bases of several hundred huts, rock-lined water channels, and stone tools chipped from rock not normally found in the area. One of the attractions of Lake Condah long ago was its fish and the most startling evidence of aboriginal technology and engineering to be found there are the systems built to trap fish.

Water courses had been constructed by redirecting streams, building stone sides and even scraping out new channels. At strategic spots, they piled rocks across the water courses to create weirs and build funnels to channel eels and fish into conical baskets.

This is an eel-fishing technique which has hardly changed to the present day. Beside some of the larger traps, there are the outlines of rectangular, stone-lined ponds, probably to hold fish and keep them fresh.

On the bluffs overlooking the lake, stone circles are all that remain of ancient dwellings. Not all of the stones were quarried locally. The huts vary in size, but all have gaps for doorways located on the lee side, away from the prevailing wind. One theory is that the stone walls were only waist to shoulder high, with the top roofed by branches and possibly packed with mud.

The site presents a picture of a semi-settled people quite different from the stereotype of nomadic hunter-gatherers of the desert.

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80 Comments

  • Developing nations are experiencing shortage of skilled people as most of them were migrating to developed countries as a result, economy of their countries are severely impacting hence to curb this governments should take necessary actions in preventing brain drain.

    Author kindly review.

    • – a shortage or the shortage
      The noun phrase ‘shortage’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

      – Incorrect punctuation
      countries; as a result
      This sentence appears to consist of two independent clauses that should not be joined with a comma. Consider using a semicolon before as instead.

      – the economy or an economy
      The noun phrase economy seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article

  • Brain drain, also called human capital flight, which is the action of highly skilled people leaving their own country for higher wages and better working conditions, yet it has serious negative consequences on the sending countries economic prospects and competitiveness.

  • Lake Condah which lies at the north-east of Portland, Victoria, had a very ancient evidence of aboriginal technology and engineering that was used to trap fish by making stone walls to shoulder high and possibly packed with mud.

  • Developing countries suffer from the brain drain phenomenon which causes the absence of the highly educated candidates leading to missing an opportunity of wealth creation and that was happened because of low wages, lack of satisfactory and political conflicts.

  • There is a unique place in the north-east of Portland, Victoria called Lake Condah, it contains many fascinating places to visit such as: aboriginal settlements, fishing technique, water courses, ancient dwelling and stone walls with different sizes of the stone, this place gives an idea about semi-settled people.

  • The creative people immigration called brain drain, it’s very common issue in the development countries, there are many factors enhance this category of people to immigrate such as low wages, political conflicts and so on, brain drain is causing issues in development, investments and employment as well.

    • while brain drain is considered a negative effect on the sending countries economic prospects and competitiveness and also to mitigate the number of dynamic and creative people who can contribute to the improvement of their country, migrants know that it is for intellectual freedom and substantial funds for their study.

      • Although, Lake Condah is fourty kilometers north-east of Portland, Victoria, with a side attraction of fishes which bring about unusual visits and aboriginal settlements but the eel-technique system was built to trap fishes.

        • It seems that the noun ‘visits’ might combine better with an adjective other than ‘unusual’. Consider rewriting this word pair or choosing a synonym for unusual.
          special
          great
          unique
          wonderful
          unexpected

          – consider replacing ‘but’, it does not go with the sentence

          4/5

      • Although, brain drain is considered to be an action of having highly skilled and educated people leaving their country to work abroad for better wages and working conditions but it mitigates the number of dynamic creative humans who contribute to the development of their own country and it also have a negative effect on the economic prospects and competitiveness.

  • Lake Condah this place has remains of aboriginal settlements that shows theirs surpass in catching fish with amazing techniques and strange tools which are totally different from regular nomadic techniques.

  • Brain drain is an activity of well-educated and good certified as well as entrepreneurs to leave their home countries because of various problems they faced and heading to other developed countries to find more optimal chances in the new countries, and that affects the developing countries.

  • Brain Drain, also called human capital flight, has an adverse impact on the economy of the sending country as it results in the migration of people with potential, caliber and willingness to achieve, while on the other hand, one section of society believes that it’s important for the developing countries to evaluate the factors resulting in brain drain and take necessary steps to reduce the migration.

    Author please review….

  • Brain Drain, an action of migration of highly skilled and educated people from their country which has negative impact on revenue and growth of developing countries, yet there are some action which can reduce the migration of skilled workers from their own country those are intellectual freedom and sufficient funds for research.

    Please review.

    • – Article missing “has negative effect”. It should be either a negative effect or the negative effect.
      – Replace ‘action’ with ‘actions’ or ‘activities’. Means it should be plural

  • Lake Condah is famous for the aboriginal technology and eel fishing technique, which has various traps to hold the fish and keep them fresh and the people in this site are different from those typical dessert dwellers.

  • Developing countries has a challenge around the factor brain drain, which pushes their educated people to work and settle abroad and in-turn affect their growth and revenue.

  • please comment:

    Lake condah is located in northwest of victoria where remains of aboriginal technology and engineering can be found specially the technique to capture the fish by making divert path by stones, other attractions of the area are the stone huts with mud roofs and circular stones around the lake.

    • – Capitalize proper nouns (Condah, Victoria)
      – Article missing (in the northwest)
      – it should be especially instead of specially

  • please need your feedback.

    A lot of developing countries are facing an issue of brain drain, where technical and educated people tend to leave their countries because of unfavorable circumstances and heading toward developed countries in order to seek prosperity which has adverse impact on economy of sender country while others think that it is just a personal choice.

  • Brain Drain action will improve individuals life style in guest countries and in the same time create a negative impact on host countries such as tax and shortage of creative people.

  • Brain Drain is action of highly skilled people moving to the countries for higher wages and working conditions which can be reduced by providing intellectual freedom and substantial fund s for research so countries can improve their economical aspects.

    Please share your feedback

  • Please Review

    Remains of amazing Aboriginal technology and engineering can be found near Lake Condah where water was rerouted to divert fishes into specially created spots to get captured in the funnel, however, this behaviour was completely opposite to the other dessert dwellers at that time.

  • Please Review

    Immigration of highly qualified individuals to the developed countries is known as Brain Drain and it is causing an adverse effect on developing country’s potential to prosper, however, reasons for this migration should be analysed to resolve the situation.

  • Brain Drain is a serious problem that many developing countries are facing due to migration of skilled people to other countries due to lack of adequate salary as per work and atmosphere to work freely, it can be corrected if the country understands their employees problems and take necessary measures to correct it.

  • Hello, sir, my name is Kuldeep Singh Khalsa and I am from India state Punjab I am doing practice for achieving the overall 6.0 bands now sir please tell me that how I should do practice. Sir, I have already given exam of IELTS and got overall 5.5 bands.

  • Brain drain is a serious problem being faced by many developing countries.It may be attributed to low wages,work conditions and political unrest in the sending country.
    As a result of this, the sending countries are facing negative impact on the economic prospects and employment.

  • Beside all the technology and engineering aboriginals implemented to make huts and water channels, the technique to hold and keep the fishes fresh, eel-fishing is being used till today in Victoria’s Lake Condah.

  • Low salaries and unsatisfying social life are the push factors for sending countries while liberty with financial support are the pull factors for receiving countries as causes for Brain Drain that seriously affect economy of the native country.

  • Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer which develops upon exposure to asbestos causing problems to occur in different parts of the body’s internal organs which may lead to the presentation of its signs and symptoms that can be diagnosed through various diagnostic procedures, however, despite of different treatments available, there is less likelihood of the disease to improve, for this reason, early detection screening test is now being conducted through research.

  • Lake Condah is an unusual place to visit wherein the remains of aboriginal settlements can be found that shows evidence that there have been existing systems that were built strategically and techniques that had been used to obtain fish which turns out to be it as one of its attraction, hence, making a difference from how the semi-settled people are perceived from the typical conventional image of nomadic hunter-gatherers.

  • Brain dead is becoming common nowadays which has become one of the developing countries concern where their highly skilled and educated people are leaving to another country to work abroad, while some may believe that it is a personal choice, others argue that it should be considered seriously as it may lead to some negative impacts on various factors both for the sending countries and the developing countries.

  • It was discovered that aboriginals at Lake Condah used to use old technology and engineering in fishing that remains unchanged until today where the course of water was redirected by channels and round ponds were used to keep fish fresh as well as stone huts were constructed with the doorway facing away from the wind and roofs covered with mud.

  • Lake Condah, near Victoria, presents remains of the aboriginal settlements, particularly the mechanisms to catch fishes among other, which exemplify the aboriginal technology and engineering.

    Brain drain, a term used for immigration of the skilled people from one country, has potential retrograde effects on the source country such as loss of tax revenue, employment, and development of the country, and hence, causes and remedies for this culture should be seriously studied.

  • Lake Condah, in Victoria is one of the tourist attractions as it contains archaeological remains of aborgines which depicts evidences of the technology deployed by them trap fish, their dwelling structures etc there by enabling us to infer that they could be semi- settled people and may not be considered under the category of nomadic hunters.

  • Brain drain which is otherwise known as ‘human capital flight’ is one of the major concerns of developing countries as it creates a negative impact on the economy when competent people leave the country seeking better opportunities and entrepreneurs consider investing in foreign countries thereby affecting aspects such as wealth creation, employment opportunities and generation of tax revenues.

  • From developing countries, many highly skilled and educated people are leaving to settle down in developed countries for better lifestyle and good income which has become the big concern for developing countries since they are losing their opportunities of wealth creation and affecting tax revenue and employment.
    —————————————————————
    Lake Condah is famous for its original technology and engineering used to develop stones based huts, rock line water channels and ponds to trap eels and fish which have hardly changed to the present day and hence successfully able to attract the visits due to its ancient homes and aboriginal technology.

  • Brain drain is migration issue as many good scientists leaving their country because of two major factors “Pull & Push”, including politics issues, social unrest, and low wages, which in turn to create negative impacts towards those developing countries, such as employment and lack of smart people.

    Lake Condah as the most startling evidence of aboriginal technology and engineering to trap fish, hence it is the place to see the indigenous people ancient dwellings, which in turn to present a picture of a semi-settled people are quite different from the stereotype of nomadic hunter-gatherers of the desert.

  • Pieces of evidence such as structures made up of stones, hunting and fishing weapons carved out of stone, water channel built for fishing suggest that there was an aboriginal settlement around lake Condah.

  • More and more intellectual people are leaving developing countries to seek greener pastures in developed countries due to various factors such as social and political unrest, war and lack of better living conditions in their own countries, which has adverse economic impacts for developing nations.

  • Brain Drain is the action of immigrating or moving the skilled and Educated people from non developing country to developed country, brain drain has a personal choice and it has huge positive and negative consequence for the economic growth of the sending (Native ) country as well as global competition .

  • The Lake Condah has archeological importance because of the remains of aboriginal settlements, which consist of stone crafted huts and stone structures to control the water stream to catch fish, a technique even used at present.

  • Lack of proper social and economic facilities trigger “brain drain” where intelligent and talented citizens migrate to well-developed countries to earn more money, has an adverse impact on the socio-economic development of their native country.

  • Brain drain has become a major concern for the developing countries, as highly skilled and educated people leaves their county to work abroad, so what makes those educated people leave their countries should be seriously considered, because it not only negatively impact on economic prospects and competitiveness, but also have negative consequences on tax revenue and employment.

  • A site in Victoria depicts the engineering marvels and technologies used by Aboriginals in the ancient time which are still prevalent in the modern world, specially the one they used to catch eels and fish by diverting streams, using stones and creating ponds.

  • Immigration of highly skilled and educated people to developed countries seeking higher wages, economic gains and satisfactory living conditions termed as ‘Brain Drain’ is a result of various push and pull factors, also causes various negative consequences on the developing countries which in turn affect economy.

  • Brain drain and the adverse push and pull factors associated to which is negatively impacting the growing countries economy and wealth creation, there by loosing substantial number of skilled employees.

  • Brain drain and the adverse push and pull factors associated to which is negatively impacting the growing countries economy and wealth creation, there by loosing substantial employment opportunities.

  • Brain drain causes serious concerns over various vital sectors hitting the development and economy of the native country badly therefore factors like push-pull influencing social life and monetary benefits of highly skilled people must be taken into account.

  • Brain drain, the tendency of people moving from the developing country for the better opportunity has the adverse effect on the economical developed of the country; however, immigrants perceived in different manner.

  • Brain drain is resulting in highly qualified and competent individuals from developing countries migrating to developed nation for better prospects. This has led to loss of intellect, investments, and economic prospects for developing nations. The factors responsible for this phenomenon must be analysed and understood to address the situation.

  • Brain drain has become a concern for developing countries as it has an adverse impact on its economic prospects and competitiveness; however, there are many reasons for the push and pull factors as to why these people leave.

  • Highly skilled professionals emigration to other countries which is often referred as “Brain Drain” for a better standard of living, causes detrimental effects on the economy and development aspects of the source country

  • The Lake Condah has been the home to the aboriginals and their remnants, especially the fishing traps, the epitome of their technology and engineering prowess, still being deployed in eel-fishing technique.

  • The developing countries are not able to retain the pool of their talented people due to low wages, unfavourable working and living conditions, socio-political factors but the search for intellectual freedom and funds for research makes developed countries more enticing.

  • Lake Condah, in Victoria famous for aboriginal technology to trap fish and stone circles which portrays description of the incompletely settled Aboriginal population.

  • Brain drain which tends to lack of opportunity for skilled people make them migrate has a negative impact on their own countries economy.

  • Due to the push and pull factor in the home country, intellectual people have started to leave their own country and immigrate to the developed countries for better life, however, this brain drain has made serious economic and social consequences in the sending countries.

  • Aboriginal settlement remains in Lake Condah unveils that they built fish trap, stone based huts and redirected water channels thus exhibiting their advancement in technology and skills.

  • Migration of dexterous and intellectual from developing to developed nation which is referred as “Brain Drain” has detrimental effect on home countries social and economic development.

  • Lake condo is a unique tourist attraction located in Victoria, which has gained popularity for Aboriginal technique to trap fish, that still has hardly changed and also for stone circles which portrays description of the incompletely settled Aboriginal population.

  • Brain drain which refers to a trend of travelling educated and skilled people to abroad due to a number of push and pull factors, although being personal choice has huge negative consequences in the economic growth as well as global competition of the sending country.

  • Brain drain which refers to highly skilled and
    educated people traveling abroad to seek
    for better working and living conditions as they are not satisfied with their
    wages and working environment; this impacts countries economy and wealth
    creation as well as tax revenue and employment.

  • Brain drain is an action of intellectual people leaving their own country to work aboard for better wages and working conditions, even though immigration is a personal choice it has profound negative impact on the sending countries in terms of economic development and wealth generation.

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