PTE Academic Listening (Summarize Spoken Text-4) – Practice Sample

Summarize Spoken Text – You will hear a short report. Write a summary in 50-70 words.

Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the report.

PTE Listening: Summarize Spoken Text

  • Listen to the audio and summarize it in your own words #1

 

Note: This transcript is given for your reference purpose only. It will not be given in PTE Academic examination.

TRANSCRIPT

About 20 years ago Kent Anger and Barry Johnson came up with 750 chemicals that could harm the brain during development.Click here to read full transcript

Nobody has since then dared to update that number, it’s just a guess today, there has to be more than a thousand if there was 750 twenty years ago. But the problem is also that we have put too little emphasis on this type of, uh, research.

For example, it has taken so far the OECD 10 years to devise a battery of tests that they could recommend for systematic testing of chemicals for developmental neurotoxicity. That panel, that battery, has not yet been completed and authorized by OECD so it’s taking way, way, way too long because it is complicated. But there is so much at stake.

Children are just losing IQ points and losing their concentration span, memory or motor functions. But in the present world where there’s so much emphasis on knowledge and brain functions this can also translate into dollars. The EPA has calculated that every time a child loses one IQ point because of chemical pollution it costs society something like $8,000 or $10,000. 

SAMPLE RESPONSE : CLICK HERE (Summary)

About twenty years ago, it was estimated that there are 750 chemicals that can affect the developing human brain, and today there may be over 1000. There is little emphasis on the possible damage caused to developing children from these chemicals. It has taken the OECD ten years to develop an index to test for developmental neurotoxicity. Economically, each IQ point lost to chemical poisoning has an impact of $8,000-$10,000.

 

  • Listen to the audio and summarize it in your own words #2

 

TRANSCRIPT : Advertising may also be advantageous to the consumer, because it produces an increase in consumption and production and a reduction in price.Click here to read full transcript

Frequent advertising may also help to stabilize demand and a stable market leads to consistent production and a reduction of waste. Advertising is also a guarantee of quality, since a producer who invests money in building up a reputation will not readily endanger it by offering inferior goods.

Thus advertising helps to produce consistency of quality. Also, if we have learned to trust the quality of goods produced by a certain manufacturer, we shall be more ready to buy other articles bearing his trade- mark on the assumption that they will be good. Advertising is also advantageous to the consumers, if it increases the sale of goods, industry prospers and prices may be reduced.

On the other hand, much of the canvassing of which the consumer is the object does not convey information but endeavors merely to draw the public‟s attention to certain products. There is no obvious connection for example, between a picture of a smiling girl and a certain brand of sweets, but for most people like looking at pictures of pretty girls, and the advertiser‟s assumption is that by looking at such pictures the consumer will be influenced to buy his products.

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14 Comments

  • The lecture talks about the negative effects of chemicals.
    Since twenty years more than seven hundred and fifty chemicals have been found, which are damaging the brain during development stages. Researchers found the batteries containing chemicals, which were also not authorized to sell, imparted neuro-toxicity to people. These toxins, when coming across by children, affect concentration and memory reducing IQ due to chemical toxicity.

    • The lecture mentions the benefits of advertisements for consumers.
      She mentions how it increases consumption, production, and quality and creates the stable market reducing wastage. Guaranteed quality is the main factor, which grows the reputation of the organization. So consistency in quality means increased trust, which means a rise in business. More articles with trademarks bring higher consumer base increasing sales.

  • Dear Author, Your comments are really appreciated.

    Chemical pollution is a major threat in today’s world. The research conducted in the past shows, there are 750 chemicals which leads to brain damage, but a recent study reveals that there are more than 1000 substances. The major side effects are seen among the children where most of them are seen losing their IQ points. Control measures need to be in place to curb the growth of emission.

    Advertisement is often seen as the best mode of connecting to consumers in retail markets. The buyers often view those products with good quality from a reputed seller. The trademarks of a particular brand will add value to other products and people tend to buy good by seeing them.

  • Chemical pollution resulting from chemical harm done to the brain, 20 years ago researchers have estimated about 750 chemicals harming the brain and none updated the list, is expected to rise up to 1000 chemicals as little emphasis is paid on identifying these chemicals as it is complex and tedious process because children are losing concentration if, translated in to monitory terms it costs 10 thousand dollars per IQ point.

    Advertisements can be advantageous to the consumers they increase income and reduce the price, leads to build a sustainable platform by reducing waste, Ads also guarantee the quality of the product which encourage in producing consistent quality, customers tend to trust certain manufacturer who offer good quality and are encouraged to buy their other products made under their trade-mark, overall the industry prospers eventually reducing the price.

    Feedback please Author…

  • Chemical pollution resulting from chemical harm done to the brain, 20 years ago researchers have estimated about 750 chemicals harming the brain and none updated the list, is expected to rise up to 1000 chemicals as little emphasis is paid on identifying these chemicals as it is complex and tedious process because children are losing concentration if, translated in to monitory terms it costs 10 thousand dollars per IQ point.
    Advertisements can be advantageous to the consumers they increase income and reduce the price, leads to build a sustainable platform by reducing waste, Ads also guarantee the quality of the product which encourage in producing consistent quality goods, customers tend to trust certain manufacturer who offer good quality and are encouraged to buy their other products made under their trade-mark, overall the industry prospers eventually reducing the price.

  • Various researches have been carried out since 2 decades on the harmful effects of chemical pollution on a child’s brain development. Though these researches take a long time to be completed and are highly complicated, one such research suggests that children are losing IQ and memory span when in the global scenario there is high emphasis on increasing knowledge. This loss of IQ also increases the cost of economies.

    Advertising is advantageous to all the stake holders in an economy. When advertisements build trust among the consumers of a product manufactured by an investor, it leads to higher consumption of the product thereby stabilization of the market and ultimately reduction in the price of the articles. It also helps in increasing and maintaining the quality of the products consumed and in prosperity of the industry.

    Author please review.

  • Advertisement affects the prize of product that also helps to stabilize the demand and reduce the waste, and guarantee the quality of the product. Advertisement stops manufacture to send inferior goods to the market because their name is on the sake, and if once they won the customer by faith it will affect company sale; therefore, advertisement is advantageous to customers and also facilitates the manufacturer as well.

  • Significantly focusing on the fact which is mentioned in this lecture is the advertising and its benefit to consumers. It includes that advertising may help to increase and stabilize demand leads to a reduction in price. It also improves the quality of product because manufacturers need to build reputation of the best product they offered. In the end, consumers are happy with lower price and better quality because of advertising.

  • Advertising is beneficial for consumers in a sense they get good quality products. Because through advertisement, businesses sell good quality one. Producers want to reduce waste products, so discounts are offered. As consumers we learn to trust goods. So therefore, if there is increased in sales prices are reduced of goods.

  • The lecture is about 750 chemicals that affect human brain development, according to Ken Anger and Barry Johnston 20 years ago. They have found out about neurotoxicity which affects OACD sufferers. Children with OACD lost their concentration and less IQ. According to APA each IQ losses cost eight thousand for the society.

  • The lecture is about brain development. 20 years ago, 750 chemicals harm to our brain development and the years passed the chemical amount is increased up to 1000. Mainly chemical affect the child’s IQ, span and memory functions. Nowadays, knowledge and brain functions are translated into dollars. EPA calculated every time child loses one IQ point due to chemical pollution.

    The lecture is about advertisement and its advantages. The advantages of advertisements are increasing production, less pricing, good quality of product. Producer has responsibility to produce quality of product. Consumers are ready to buy the products based on the product name. In addition , advertisement helps increasing sales of product and quality of product.

  • The lecture is about brain development. Speakers say that 20 years ago 750 chemicals harm to our brain development and the years passed the chemical amount is increased up to 1000. Mainly chemical affect the child’s IQ, span and memory functions. This kind of chemicals available everywhere around us, and most are the found in chemical pollution

    The lecture is about advertising. Researcher found that advertisement helps to the consumers’ customers towards the products quality and demand. Advertisement shows the company’s reputation; trusted quality of goods, manufacturer’s liability and quality in the market. Advertisement also increase the number of customers and sells ratio. Advertisements also influence the people to buy their products.

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