Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
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PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text
- Read and summarize written text in your words #1
Humans lack the enzyme necessary to digest cellulose. Hay and grasses are particularly abundant in cellulose, and both are indigestible by humans (although humans can digest starch). Animals such as termites and herbivores such as cows, koalas, and horses all digest cellulose, but even these animals do not themselves have an enzyme that digests this material. Instead, these animals harbor microbes that can digest cellulose.
Animals such as cows have anaerobic bacteria in their digestive tracts which digest cellulose. Cows are ruminants, or animals that chew their cud. Ruminants have several stomachs that break down plant materials with the help of enzymes and bacteria. The partially digested material is then regurgitated into the mouth, which is then chewed to break the material down even further. The bacterial digestion of cellulose by bacteria in the stomachs of ruminants is anaerobic, meaning that the process does not use oxygen. One of the by-products of anaerobic metabolism is methane, a notoriously foul-smelling gas. Ruminants give off large amounts of methane daily. In fact, many environmentalists are concerned about the production of methane by cows, because methane may contribute to the destruction of ozone in Earth’s stratosphere.
Although cellulose is indigestible by humans, it does form a part of the human diet in the form of plant foods. Small amounts of cellulose found in vegetables and fruits pass through the human digestive system intact. Cellulose is part of the material called “fiber” that dieticians and nutritionists have identified as useful in moving food through the digestive tract quickly and efficiently. Diets high in fiber are thought to lower the risk of colon cancer because fiber reduces the time that waste products stay in contact with the walls of the colon (the terminal part of the digestive tract).
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- Read and summarize written text in your words #2
Hypergrowth. If you have not yet heard of the term, it mean company growth accelerated far beyond normal expectations. There are companies that grow quickly, but a company undergoing hypergrowth will see rapid increases in demand for products and services. This is very common in Chinese markets because of their global economic power and the massive size of their population.
While hypergrowth may seem both profitable and exciting, such rapid growth causes a number of problems that are not easily managed. The first is customer satisfaction and responsiveness. With skyrocketing growth, the pressure not only to deliver but to address legitimate customer concerns greatly increases. A company may gain customers, but if it loses them through subpar service or product quality, the momentum can quickly be lost.
Unexpected growth also places extreme pressure on hiring enough people to do the essential tasks. It is not just a numbers game. The quality must be there as well, as the hiring of employees who fail to meet company and product standards will cause system wide problems. If new hires are found to be substandard, then they will have to be replaced, which requires more time and reduced short-term productivity.
The new hire problem is an issue, but an equally important issue is retaining key people. There will be enormous expectations placed on managers and employees alike during rapid expansion, but the rewards will normally be down the road. This means that your best talent will be strained, yet the company will be depending on these key people to adjust to the hypergrowth. It is likely you will have some turnover, and replacing their experience and knowledge will not be easy.
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While hypergrowth can be extremely beneficial for the market as it accelerates the growth of the companies, it might have several dangers such as reduced satisfaction of customers because of the decreased quality and the high reliability on the key people of the company to lead the business and difficulty to replace them.
In spite of the fact that human can not digest cellulose because they do not have a special enzyme, animals such as cows can digest cellulose with the help of the bacteria which lives in stomachs of cows, and this process of digesting cellulose accelerate the metabolism of methane, which destroys our ozone layer.
Author , what do you think? Is it not so long?
Even though humans can’t digest cellulose like animals do because of anaerobic bacteria in them, but still small amounts of cellulose found in the human diet as fiber which reduces the risk of colon cancer.
Hypergrowth of a company would build immense pressure to meet the supply demands, customer concerns and hiring people and it also might strain well-experienced employees who are hard to be replaced.
Hypergrowth, which is very common in Chinese market due to economic power and population, although indispensable customer satisfaction and responsiveness is required still right resource hiring and to retain good talent is a paramount challenging issue.
Author please review:
Unlike humans, animals can digest cellulose, although they do not have indispensable enzyme, anaerobic bacteria help them to digest and for cow ruminant helps them to digest this, additionally, fiber can mitigate the chances of colon cancer in human.
Author please review:
Unlike humans, animals can digest cellulose, although they do not have indispensable enzyme, anaerobic bacteria help them to digest and for cow ruminant helps in digestion, which releases lethal methane gas, additionally, fiber can mitigate the chances of colon cancer in humans.
Author please review:
Although humans lack digesting cellulose comparing herbivores animals which use anaerobic metabolism, however small amount of cellulose found in vegetables with “fiber” content which reduces the risk from the colon cancer.
1. Cellulose is a unit of fibre useful to pass food through the digestive system easily. Humans generally cannot digest cellulose while some animals(ruminants) can. Ruminants digest them with the help of bacteria and produce methane gas, which calls for a concern amongst the Environmentalists, as methane degrades ozone.
2. Hyper growth-Progressing far beyond expected, brings in enormous profits, but at the same time poses many challenges and responsibilities. Satisfying the customers and maintaining their trust stands at the top notch followed by hiring efficient manpower to cope up with increasing demands. Also a challenge of preserving the best staff endures a great task.
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Although hyper growth which is a result of increase in demand and services, is very profitable for the company but it possesses several concerns like managing customer satisfaction, finding suitable candidates with appropriate skills at the right time and moreover retaining existing critical employees due to strained working environment.
Although many herbivore animals have necessary enzymes to digest cellulose but digestion process of animals like cow releases methane gas which is a major concern as it is depleting ozone layer and on the other hand, humans can not digest cellulose, however fibrous diet is considered healthy for humans as it lowers the risk of colon cancer.
Even though humans need small amount of cellulose to maintain the fiber content in their bodies but a more significant cause of concern is their impact on depleting ozone layer
caused by ruminants producing methane as part of their digestion process.
1) Although cellulose can not be digested by people and its digestion by bacterias produces methane which is harmful for ozone, it should be part of human diet since it is part of a material called fiber which is claimed to protect humans from colon cancer.
2) Hypergrowth, which means unexpected and extremely fast growth due to rapid increases in a company’s services and products, can be very harmful for companies if they are not able to satisfy the demand and hire quailified staff in optimum quantities, as unsatisfied customers can stop buying from them
Though hyper growth which means the rapid growth of the company due to its quality deliverables sounds exciting, having many adverse effects to organisation like pressure to deliver on time, meet customer satisfaction and new hires who fail to meet product and company standards also an issue.
For a company undergoing hypergrowth, which experiences rapid growth and demand, it is a challenge to retain its key people and to hire talented people, to improve the productivity.
Humans do not possess enzyme which animals like cows and horses have, in form of some microbes which help to digest cellulose and release methane gas, again a concern of scientists as it affects earth’s stratosphere but dietitians suggest to intake some amount of fiber which can keep digestive system efficient.
The companies of China can be the example of hyper growth because of their economic power and huge population but it seems profitable and exciting but needs extra concern in managing its employees, customer satisfaction and providing quality products.
Animals such as cows, horses can digest Cellulose through multi-stage digestion process which produces harmful methane gas, includes chewing food,breaking it down in stomach with enzymes and bacteria and again chewing for further processing but fiber containing Cellulose although good for human digestive system is indigestible due to lack of required enzymes.
Hypergrowth, though desired has various challenges such as maintaining customer satisfaction levels with increased customer base;recruiting quality employees to maintain organizational standards and product quality;and retaining key employees to maintain the necessary knowledge pool.
Although hypergrowth – growth beyond normal expectation for any company – seems profitable and exciting, it does come with lots of problems and challenges like customer satisfaction and product quality, which if not managed properly can lead
to loses for company.
Cellulose though is indigestible by humans but has various good and bad effects , the good effect includes protection from cancer and digestion of food while the bad effects includes the production of methane which contributes of depletion of Ozone Layer.
Cow and other animal with the help of anaerobic bacteria digest Cellulose, which human cannot digest since it lacks necessary enzyme but as per dietician and nutrition Cellulose, which is part of fibre is useful for human and it reduces risk of colon cancer.
Hypergrowth is a company growth beyond normal expectations resulting rapid increases in demand for product and services but this also creates a number of problems like hiring quality people, retaining the super talent and maintaining the service standard.
Humans cannot digest cellulose but, it is easy in case of cow due to anaerobic bacteria which helps to digest cellulose without using oxygen but, it has its own cons that during this process, methane is released which harms the ozone layer.
During hypergrowth, company may experience rapid demand and service of product which is profitable and exciting, however it brings lot of challenges like customer satisfaction,losing customer due to inferior quality of product and service, hiring and retaining right talent.
During hypergrowth, company may experience rapid demand and service of product which is profitable and exciting however it bring lot of challenges like customer satisfaction,losing customer due to inferior quality of product and service, hiring and retaining right talent.
Cellulose is a part of fiber that can move thru digestive tract
of humans as they lack the enzyme necessary to digest cellulose
whereas animals such as cows have anaerobic bacteria tract to
digest cellulose but the process releases methane which leads
to destruction of ozone layer.
A Company’s rapid growth, termed as Hypergrowth often brings immense pressure that includes after sales service with quality, sufficient number of competent employees and replacing key people in order continue growing with same pace.
Through the absence of enzyme in humans and animals but they can able to digest cellulose,for instance cow contains ruminants it helps to digests plant materials and release methane which is harmful to earth ,for humans cellulose are present in their diet,and it is part of fiber which helps us from colon cancer.
China companies getting hyper growth in global economy,but it also has adverse affects such as customer satisfaction, pressure on hiring new people and they must meet the product standards,and some times all these issues must be managed by higher authority persons.
More than 75 words
Hypergrowth looks profitable and exciting which is visible in china; however it also has many challenges like customer satisfaction and their legal concerns along with product delivery, recruiting quality resources, retaining talented and key people.
I like this short sentence, it’s making more sense and clearer.
Humans want enzyme to digest cellulose which can get from fiber, and also helps to reduce risk of colon cancer; however herbivores has microbes which helps to digest cellulose, whereas ruminants gives off methane as part of anaerobic metabolism during digestive process which add to destruction of ozone.
Animals and humans unable to digest cellulose present in plants so humans intake additional fibres to digest it and Animals while digesting it produces methane gas affecting earth’s atmosphere.
Humans cannot digest cellulose but little quantity of cellulose present in form of fiber in humans prevents colon cancer, whereas environmentalists are concerned that methane gas can damage ozone layer which is a byproduct of the digestion process in Ruminants.
Anaerobic bacteria which is present in Ruminants leads to production of methane gas , which effects ozone layer during the digestion process however humans also eat fiber to help movement of food through digestive track thus lowering risk of colon cancer even though they cannot digest it.
1) Unlike ruminants, humans can’t digest cellulose, but it is still an essential part of our diet since it protects us against colon cancer.
2) A company may experience a rapid demand for its products or services during hypergrowth, but it will bring a lot challenges such as the risk of losing the customer due to lack of quality and hiring and retaining the right talent.
1. Unlike other animals such as cows that are ruminants with anaerobic metabolism and can digest cellulose,
humans can only consume small amounts of cellulose in their diets, which is deemed beneficial in reducing waste product in the digestive tract.
2. Hypergrowth causes the demand for products and services of a company to skyrocket and with this, the pressure and challenge for the business and its components to keep up with such massive expansion can be an issue.
Anaerobic digestion, a process involved in the breakdown of cellulose, is used by animals. Although humans may also take cellulose, which is not being broken down, but aids in bowel movement.
Hypergrowth, which is the fast development of an organization, has its merits and demerits; with the latter being in the form of maintaining standards, managing customers’ expectations and coping with employees engagement and management.
Hypergrowth is refer to as rapid company growth; increase in demand of products and services, further, it brings the excitement and profits to company, however, customer satisfaction and responsiveness should be managed to sustain the customers, also, man power is needed to handle pressure and deliver quality products, on top of that, there are great expectations from managers and employees but talented staff should be retained.
Humans, unlike animals can’t digest cellulose because they don’t have the bacteria used by animals, but humans take cellulose in fibre form in vegetables, even though it passes undigested it helps humans in preventing some ailments like colon cancer.
Companies that grow fast have advantages and disadvantages, that is customer multiplication and profit boom and versus failure to meet customer expectations and the inability to keep experienced labour force that is needed in a fast growing company.
Environmentalists are concerned that the release of methane by ruminants in the process of digesting cellulose may contribute to the destruction of ozone, but in the case of humans, cellulose which is a part of fiber are thought to lower the risk of colon cancer.
Though hypergrowth seems exciting, things like hiring quality manpower, retaining the best talent and customer satisfaction have an important part in a company’s growth and profit.
Hypergrowth mean company growth accelerated far beyond normal expections, but rapid growth causes problems and this problems can control by best talent of such key people to adjust to the hypergrowth.
The challenges faced by companies which undergo hypergrowth with skyrocketing demands for their products and services are to address customer concerns, recruit new hires who are capable of meeting company standards, retain key people and manage few turnovers.
Although in hypergrowth a company will notice rapid increase in demand for products and services; however, rapid growth causes a number of problems like customer satisfaction and responsiveness, as well as it places extreme pressure on hiring enough people to do the essential tasks, but an important issue is retaining key people, as company will be depending on these key people to adjust to the hypergrowth.
1) Cellulose is considered an important part of human diet. According to Dieticians and nutritionists, Cellulose is part of the material called “fiber” that reduces the risk of colon cancer by digesting the waste products quickly and efficiently.
However, humans lack the enzyme necessary to digest it. On the other side, animals such as Cows have anaerobic bacteria in their digestive tracts which digest cellulose by anaerobic metabolism.
2) Hypergrowth means the company growth accelerates far beyond normal expectations. There is rapid increase in demands for products and services for a company undergoing hypergrowth, for example, Chinese markets. However, besides all the profits, company also faces a number of challenges. Some of them are, Customer satisfaction and responsiveness, right employment according to company and product standard and retaining key employees.
Unlike ruminant animals which digests cellulose through anaerobic metabolism by emitting methane, humans lack enzymes to digest cellulose; however, a small amount of cellulose included in the human diet in the form of fiber helps to prevent from colon cancer.
1. Cellulose is indigestible by humans, whereas, herbivores and ruminants harbor microbes inside their stomach, which helps them digest cellulose.
2. Key challanges of companies undergoing hypergrowth are retaining key people, hiring people with right skills, meeting customer demands and expectations and retaining market share on sustained basis.
1) Although Cellulose is indigestible by humans but dietitians and nutritionist have identified that intake of small amount of Cellulose reduces the risk of colon cancer in humans.
2) There are companies that grow quickly but hyper-growth causes a lot of problems, Among them very most important problem is retaining the key people since it’s not easy to replacing their experience and knowledge.