Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #18
PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #19
PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #20
PTE Academic Practice Test – Summarize Written Text
- Read and summarize written text in your words #1
Compulsory voting is often suggested as a solution to the problem of declining turnout. But how are individuals and countries affected by compulsory voting beyond boosting electoral participation? Shane Singh investigates the social, economic, and political consequences of compelling citizens to vote.
There has been a lot of discussion about compulsory voting these days. In the United Kingdom, in particular, as voter turnout rates have declined, many commentators and politicians have begun advocating for mandatory electoral participation. Those in favour of compulsory voting often adduce the importance of participation among all segments of society. Citizens of democracies are forced to do many things in the interest of the public good, they maintain, including serving on juries and educating their children, and full participation serves the country as whole. Those opposed to compulsory voting often argue that, from a democratic theory perspective, the right to vote implicitly includes a right not to vote.
Such a right of abstention, they argue, is more important than any societal good that might accompany high turnout. In fact, opponents of compulsory voting often contend that the country may be better off if those who are disinclined to vote are not pushed to participate in public affairs.Regardless of whether one of these sets of arguments is more persuasive than the other, compulsory voting is commonly used around the world. Several European democracies mandate voting, as do Australia and most of the countries in Latin America. By evaluating results from these countries, it is possible to assess the mechanics and effects of compulsory voting.
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- Read and summarize written text in your words #2
Skipping breakfast seems a simple way of losing weight or saving time while getting the children ready for school or rushing off to work. But it can also be a sign of an unhealthy lifestyle with potentially dangerous consequences, including a higher risk of premature death.
According to a study, adults and teenagers who miss the first meal of the day are less likely to look after their health. They tend to smoke more, drink more alcohol and take less exercise than those who do eat. Those who skip food in the morning are also more likely to be fatter and less well-educated, meaning they find it harder to get a job.
Researcher Dr Anna Keski-Rahkonen said: ‘Smoking, infrequent exercise, a low level of education, frequent alcohol use and a high body mass index were all associated with skipping breakfast in adults and adolescents. ‘Our findings suggest this association exists throughout adulthood. ‘Individuals who skip breakfast may care less about their health than those who eat breakfast.’
Previously, experts assumed that missing breakfast – often called ‘the most important meal of the day’ – was simply the marker of a hectic life or a way to try to lose weight. But Dr Keski-Rahkonen, who led the study at Helsinki University, said the results revealed starting the day without food suggests an unhealthy lifestyle.
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It is found in a study conducted by Dr Anna Keski-Rahkonen on the importance of breakfast that, skipping it will lead to unhealthy lifestyles and performance issues in humans, and this contradicts to previous belief of viewing it as a part of busy lifestyle.
There are hot debates on the compulsory voting system around the world, and the section of people favoring it claims for public good, but the opponents put forward the justification that the non-mandatory voting will result in better performance of the country as the right not to vote is also a democratic right.
Shane Singh conducted a study on the views on mandatory electoral system in a democratic world, and found that the supporters justify the compulsory voting as a way for the betterment of public, but the opponents accentuate on the personal interest of right to not participate, which may result in even higher performances, but the actual output can be calculated by analyzing the countries like Australia.
Skipping breakfast can lead to detrimental effect on health, stimulate body mass index and can also augment the chances of premature death, which is proved by Researcher Dr Anna Keski-Rahkonen although some people believe that it can save time and helps to reduce weight.
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Although compulsory voting can be the solution of declining turnout, it is important for the participation of all segments of the society still people believe that it is against democracy, however, good result of mandatory voting in Australia and some European countries can influence other countries to follow the same.
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Although skipping breakfast may seem a viable option to lose weight but recently according to a study done by Dr. Anna Keski-Rahkonen missing first meal of the day is linked to having an unhealthy lifestyle which further leads to problems such as smoking, alcohalism, minimal exercise and low level of education.
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Skipping the breakfast seems to be beneficial in loosing weight, but it could cause many health problems and could also lead to premature death.
Due to reduce turnout rates of voting, many countries have made it compulsory to vote for their citizens but the right to vote of any person also means that he has right not to vote anyone.
Skipping first meal of the day means inviting an early death and might be possible those adults or adolescents are not conscious or careless about health or illiterate or any drug addictive which was previously believed the reason of either weight loss or tight schedule according to a research.
Some experts argue that skipping breakfast is beneficial to health while others believe that it has a negative impact on health as well as higher risk for longer life.
Because of declining turnout in voting, people started discussing about the pros and cons of compulsory voting but since countries like Europe and Australia has made voting compulsory we can assess the effect compulsory voting.
Starting the day without an first meal may lead to an unhealthy life where if we miss the break fast then we have several negative impacts such as higher risk of premature death and also people who didn’t took his first meal is considered as less educated people
Skipping breakfast as first meal of the day by teenagers and adults can be for to loseweight or due to hectic routines of life but it has dangerous effects suggested by experts including higher risk of premature death.
Some says, compulsory voting benefits society whereas the opponent often argue that, from a democratic theory perspective, it is up to people to vote or not and the drawbacks of those can be identified by comparing results from other countries.
People tend to skip breakfast as they might think it’s a simple way to reduce weight but the study says the person who skips breakfast are prone to earlier death
To losing weight or to save time people often skip breakfast but research proves that adults or children who skip first day meal are care less about health,less well-educated,more fatter,tend to smoke more, drink more alcohol as compare to who eat breakfast, so it’s wise decision to skip first day meal.
Rather than indulging into arguments for the implementation of compulsory voting in a country as a solution to declining voters, one can analyze the outcome of the countries complying with it in order to give one final conclusion.
At present most of them not showing interest to vote,in order to overcome this issue two approaches are taken:compulsory voting and electoral participation,especially in United Kingdom there is decline for vote,according to democracy if we vote we get benefits from education for children,serving juries the same rule followed by Australia,Latin America, Europe countries.
According to Dr Anna Keski-Rahkonen conducted research at Helsinki University and concluded that if we skip food at morning mainly by youth and adults has adverse affects on health such as:increasing weight ,poor at studies ,starts smoking regularly , and alcohol consumption,improper exercise also affects healthy lifestyle.
Compulsory voting is followed by many countries for appropriate functioning of the government but there are objections by few people that it’s should not be considered to be compulsory as they are not intrigued in public affairs.
Skipping the most important meal of the day or breakfast is a sign of unhealthy lifestyle and it never helps to lose weight but often related to bad habits, struggling life, also
lead to many health related issues.
Compulsory voting is common in the world and need to evaluate importance of it, however UK has less voter hence politicians started urging for compulsory voting and democratic countries educate people to vote but never insist on compulsory voting.
Skipping breakfast is sign of unhealthy lifestyle and unhealthy lifestyle is associated with many bad health habits and hectic lifestyle therefore some experts have said that first meal is the most important meal of the day and if it is skipped it may result in many side effects.
Some people suggest compulsory voting as a solution for declining voting turnout where as some people oppose this idea because it may breach the democratic theory about right to vote and this can be studied by evaluating the result of the countries which has mandatory voting.
2) People who miss Breakfast, the most important meal of the day, are in extreme risk of losing their lives and through research it was discovered smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and other such bad habits are common among adults and adolesents who skips breakfast and results in unhealthy lifestyle.
1. Although compulsory voting might be a solution to declining voter turnout, it is against the basic principle of democracy and its implementation and consequences can be studied by comparing countries that are for and against the idea.
2. Research proves that skipping breakfast leads to multiple economic and health issues across people of all ages and it is an indication of unhealthy lifestyle as opposed to a healthy way to lose weight.
Ans1-Compulsory voting has its benefits and drawbacks, and people often end into arguments, though it is necessary to evaluate results from democracies with mandate voting.
Ans2- Skipping breakfast suggests a unhealthy lifestyle with potentially dangerous consequences.
According to a study, skipping breakfast, ‘the most important meal of the day’ seems a simple way of losing weight or saving time but it can also be a sign of an unhealthy lifestyle with potentially dangerous consequences, including a higher risk of premature death.
Compulsory voting often adduce the importance of participation among all segments of society but, from a democratic theory perspective, the right to vote implicitly includes a right not to vote.
1. Mandatory voting has been proposed as the solution to the problem of low voters’ response, and although it ensures full involvement of every citizen, its imposition can be seen as an infringement on people implicit right not to vote.
2. Avoiding morning meals has various negative effects the body, and researchers have identified that this unhealthy habit is rampant among grownups.
Please correct me if I am wrong.
2.To be sign of an unhealthy lifestyle, skipping breakfast involve in perilous results such as a higher risk of premature death because people who skip food in the morning are passive in aspects of physical and logical comparison with the others who do eat ;thus, they are more likely catch disease, which was proved by researcher Dr.Anna Keski-Rahkonen who led the study at Helsinki University.
1. Compulsory voting, from a democratic theory perspective, the right to vote implicitly includes a right not to vote however regardless of arguments compulsory voting is commonly used around the world and it’s showed importance of participation among all segments of society.
2. According to a study, breakfast is the most important meal of the day and whoever miss the breakfast tend to cause unhealthy lifestyle and health issues which leads higher risk of premature death and obesity than those who eat breakfast.
1. In a democratic theory perspective, though the right to vote implicitly includes a right not to vote, compulsory voting shall be forced on citizens in the interests of the public good.
2. Breakfast is considered as the most important meal of the day, hence starting the day without food suggests an unhealthy lifestyle and may have potentially dangerous consequences.
As per the study conducted by the experts, skipping breakfast can cause lot of health issues, one can gain more weight, start smoking frequently, alcohol consumption will increase and will lead an unhealthy life.
#1. Compulsory voting can in itself raise questions on right to freedom of expression in a county.
#2. Skipping breakfast, what people think and what it actually means.