PTE Academic Writing: Summarize Written Text – Practice sample 1

Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). For this task, you will get 10 minutes to finish the task and the candidate’s performance will be judged on the quality of his writing skills

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Summarize Written Text Practice Sample

1. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

There are times when the night sky glows with bands of colour. The bands may begin as cloud shapes and then spread into a great arc across the entire sky. They may fall in folds like a curtain drawn across the heavens. The lights usually grow brighter, then suddenly dim. During this time the sky glows with pale yellow, pink, green, violet, blue, and red. These lights are called the Aurora Borealis. Some people call them the Northern Lights. Scientists have been watching them for hundreds of years. They are not quite sure what causes them. In ancient times Long Beach City College WRSC people were afraid of the Lights. They imagined that they saw fiery dragons in the sky. Some even concluded that the heavens were on fire.

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[The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, are bands of colour in the night sky and Ancient people thought that these lights were a dragon on fire, and even modern scientists are not sure what they are.

2. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

Electric trolley cars or trams were once the chief modes of public transportation in the United States. Though they required tracks and electric cables to run, these trolley cars were clean and comfortable. In 1922, auto manufacturer General Motors created a special unit to replace electric trolleys with cars, trucks, and buses. Over the next decade, this group successfully lobbied for laws and regulations that made operating trams more difficult and less profitable.

In 1936 General Motors created several front companies for the purpose of purchasing and dismantling the trolley car system. They received substantial investments from Firestone Tire, Standard Oil of California, Phillips Petroleum, and other parties invested in the automotive industry. Some people suspect that these parties wanted to replace trolley cars with buses to make public transportation less desirable, which would then increase automobile sales. The decline of the tram system in North America could be attributed to many things—labor strikes, the Great Depression, regulations that were unfavourable to operators—but perhaps the primary cause was having a group of powerful men from rival sectors of the auto industry working together to ensure its destruction.

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This passage is about how many large companies that served the automotive market conspired to dismantle the electric trolley car system and replace them with less desirable buses.

3. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

Ninjas used many different tools and weapons to get the job done: throwing stars, bows, acid-spurting tubes to name a few, but the favourite weapon of most ninjas was probably the katana. The katana is a long, curved sword with a single blade and a long grip to accommodate two hands. This sword was often carried in a sheath or scabbard on the ninja’s back. Though the sword was primarily used for fighting and killing, the scabbard served a number of purposes too. The ninja could remove the sword, angle the scabbard against a wall, and use it to climb to a higher place. Or, while stealthy negotiating their way through a dark place (such as an enemy’s residence at night), ninjas may have used the scabbard as a walking stick, feeling or probing their way around objects so as not to knock into anything and alert the enemy. Perhaps the ninja’s most sinister use of the scabbard was to put a mixture of red pepper, dirt, and iron shavings at the top of the scabbard so that when the ninja drew his sword, his opponent would be blinded. I wonder what a ninja could have done with a Swiss Army knife.

Perhaps the ninja’s most sinister use of the scabbard was to put a mixture of red pepper, dirt, and iron shavings at the top of the scabbard so that when the ninja drew his sword, his opponent would be blinded. I wonder what a ninja could have done with a Swiss Army knife.

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The katana was a powerful fighting sword, but the scabbard had additional uses as a climbing tool, a probing tool, and a blinding weapon.

4. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.

As today’s bride and groom celebrate their wedding, they have every excuse for being nervous. They exchange promises of lifelong fidelity and mutual support. However, all around them, they can see that many people do not and cannot keep these promises. Their own marriage has a one in three chance of divorce if present tendencies continue. Traditional marriage is facing a crisis, at least in Britain. Not only are there more and more divorces, but the number of marriages is falling. Living together is more popular than before. The family is now no longer one man, one woman and their children. Instead, there are more and more families which include parents, half sisters and brothers, or even only one parent on her / his own. Although Britain is still conservative in its attitudes to marriage compared with other countries such as the USA, Sweden and Denmark, the future will probably see many more people living together before marriage – and more divorce.

Interestingly, it is women rather than men who apply for divorce. Seven out of ten divorces are given to the wife. Also, one of the main reasons for divorce, chosen by ten times more women than men, is unreasonable or cruel behaviour. Perhaps this means that women will tolerate less than they used to.

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Although Britain is still conservative in its attitudes to marriage, the future will probably see many more people living together before marriage – and more divorce.

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68 Comments

  • Aurora Borealis are the lights of different colours, which covers the night sky in cloud shapes, ancient people were fearful of these lights, even scientists are not able to find the cause behind this phenomenon.

    @Author, sir could you please review.

  • @author- request you to please review and add your valuable comment.
    Though Britain is still conservative but in the future, there will be probably many more people living together before marriage – and more divorce.

  • @author- request you to please review and add your valuable comment.
    Though Britain is still conservative but in the future, there will be probably many more people living together before marriage – and more divorce.

  • Katana is Ninja’s favorite weapon , not only because it is a powerful fighting tool but also because of the multiple uses of even if its sheath, which could be used for climbing, negotiating through paths, and most importantly for blinding enemies by putting a mixture of red pepper, dirt and iron shavings on top of the scabbard.

  • The trolley cars and trams were once the primary mode of public transport in US, there can be many factors counted for its decline but what stands out to be the primary one is how General Motors used all their resources and brought its decline and replaced them with less desirable buses.

  • Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis, are band of multiple glowing colors observed in the night sky whose causes have not yet been found by the scientists but there are many myths associated with it since the ancient times.

  • In the early 19th century, electric trams were the cheapest and convenient mode of public transportation in the US;however,companies like General Motors and other big giants from Automobile industries lobbied for laws and regulations to decline the utilization of such electric operated vehicles and replace it with cars,trucks and buses.

  • In United States, before 1922 electric trolley cars or trams were used as the major modes of public transportation, which was replaced by some other forms of transportation in 1936 and General Motors created several front companies and found some investors.

    Ninjas used the katana, long and special curved sward, as their favourite weapon, which had one special use against emeries that made opponents blind.

    Marriage is becoming less successful in many countries because divorce increases, which shows people prefer live in relationship rather than marriage and it has been analysed that women give divorce in approximately 70 percent cases.

    Dear Author,
    Will you please assess these SWT?
    Thanks.

  • The Aurora Borealis also known as the Northern Light is a very rare scene in the sky, which has various colour shades in the sky, lights glow brighter before it become dim and people have various believes for this natural scene.

    Dear Author,
    Will you please assess this SWT?

    Thanks.

  • Although, the public transport system in the United States successfully lobbied for laws and regulation which made the operating trams system harder,less profitable,less desirable and unfavorable to the operators and the Auto manufacturer motors had rivals from North America that destroyed the trams system.

  • Although, in ancient times Long Beach city college WRSC people were afraid of lights in the sky called Aurora Borealis and some people feel they saw heavens in blaze but scientists have been studying these lights for hundreds of years without a fact of their causes.

  • 1922 and 1936 are marked as important years to face the decline of tram system, which was once used as main transportation mode in USA, where in the former year General Motors came up with cars and buses to replace electric trolleys, while the latter year was responsible for dismantling of these trolleys although these units were already disappearing because of factors like Great Depression and unfavorable regulations.

    Author please review. Thanks.

  • The Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights are the colored lights which can be seen in the night sky when bands of colors, such as yellow, pink, violet and others, fall in the sky like a curtain although they were considered evil by some people in ancient times and their origin mystery is still unknown among the scientists who have been witnessing them since a century.

    Author please review

  • The Aurora Borealis, or Northern light effects are still unknown to the scientist, this effect makes sky beautiful by giving shades of color, however, in the past people used to fear about and they thought of fiery dragons or heavens in the fire.

  • Hello Author please review my text….

    General motors lobbied for laws that made operating trolleys are difficult and less profitable, but they plan to replace trolley car system with public transport which is less desirable.

  • #1 In many instances, sky glows with bands of colour suddenly growing brighter and falling dim; named as Aurora Borealis while some people call it northern lights and some even gets afraid thinking that it can be flammable dragons in the sky or fire in the heaven, although scientists have been observing it since long but unsure of its cause.

    Author – Can i please request you to check and let me know if this is correct way to summarize?

  • #4…
    Live-in relationship has become a common trend in Britain and some other parts of the world because of the fact that couples do not believe in lifelong fidelity and mutual support which are the foundation of any marriage and also the fact that a live-in couple can part ways easily compared to a married couple who have to go through the pain of divorce process and settlement.

  • #3…

    Although the primary weapon used for fighting and killing by Ninjas was Katana which is a long, curved sword with a single blade which was carried in a sheath or scabbard on ninja’s back but Katana was also used for other purposes such as a walking stick or a tool to climb wall or a weapon during fight to make the opponent blind.

  • #2 …..

    Electric trolley cars or trams which were once a popular means of transportation in United States lost popularity because of improper support from the US government and a strong lobby from General Motors alongwith other auto makers to replace trams with other means of transportation such as cars & buses and other reasons for the decline of trams were labor strikes, the Great Depression alongwith regulations that were unfavorable to operators.

  • Aurora Borealis, or Northern lights, is a phenomenon by which lights in the sky consists of colours such as pale yellow, pink, green, violet, blue, and red and during this phenomenon the lights in the sky grows brighter and this phenomenon has been studied by scientists for hundred of years because of the reasons unknown to them.

  • #1
    The sky glows with several colors during the dusk called as Aurora Borealis and Northen lights; however, scientist still does know the exact reason for this phenomenon, and there are numerous predictions about it by ancient people. {Word count 38}

    #2
    In early 19th-century, electric trolleys used to be the main mode of public transportation in the United States because they were clean and comfortable but powerful automotive industrialist lobbied the legislators and reform the laws that made operating of these trams unfavourable and less profitable which forced trolleys to be replaced by buses and cars, which would flourish automobile industries. {Word count 60 }

    #3
    Katana, Ninjas’ favorite weapon curved sword with a single blade which was carried in a scabbard on his back; however, sword mainly used for fighting whereas, scabbard served numerous purposes such as a walking stick in dark places and used to put a kind of concoction of ingredients to blind the opponent. {word count 51}

    #4
    In recent times, traditional marriages are facing a crisis due to spouses not keeping promises and faith in each other less tolerant nature of women than earlier as an effect of this living together will be more admired in the future. {Word count 42}

  • Could you please comment on this?
    The patterns created in the night sky by lights, Aurora Borealis have given magnificent views while people in past got frightened by these, scientists are not sure the cause of them.

  • Please check my summary of sample -1 it’s ok or not plz give reply.

    Northern lights are bands of color in the night sky, ancient times people were afraid of the lights and scientist are not sure about this lights.

  • Women tolerate less than men especially in Britain because the rate of applying for divorce is high in females than males for unreasonable or cruel behavior; however, Britain with conservative attitude is facing crises in marriages and leading to live-in relationship before marriage.
    (WHAT+ opinion why/how+ 2nd support point +why/how)

  • Katana, Ninja’s mostly used weapon is sheath or scabbard sword which is carried on their back; however, they put a concoction of ingredients on of sword in-order to blind the opponent and also use it in various purposes such as silent walking stick, climbing, protecting, and killing.
    (topic(what-weapon)+ WHY/HOW (opinion 1) + supporting sentence)

  • Once upon a time in the United States, the main mode of public transportation is either electric trolley cars or trams because they’re clean and comfortable; however, due to the development of auto-motor sector and changes in rules and regulations, powerful rivals had replaced the trolley cars with buses and destroyed the trams. (WHEN AND WHERE (OPINION) + HOW/WHY OPINION+ SUPPORTING SENTENCE)

  • Sky glows with various color during dusk is called as Aurora Borealis or Northern lights; however, scientists still don’t know the exact cause of this phenomenon, and they’re numerous predictions about it by ancient people. ( TOPIC SENTENCE + WHY/HOW SUPPORT SENTENCE OPINION 1 + WHY HOW OPINION 2)

  • 1. Aurora Borealis is also called as the Northern Lights when sky glows with bands of color at night, scientists are yet to discover what causes them.
    2. In 1922, auto manufacturer General Motors created a special unit to replace electric trolleys with cars, trucks, and buses to increase the automobile sale by successfully lobbying laws and regulations on operating tram making less profitable.
    3. One of the favorite weapons of most ninjas was the katana, mainly use for fighting and killing, which was often carried in a sheath or scabbard on the ninja’s back, scabbard served many other purposes as well.

  • Aurora Borealos or NOrthern lights are the lights which glows up
    in the sky with different formations and people were afraid of these
    lights in the anvient times.

    In North America, trams were replaced by buses,cars and trucks
    due to many reasons like labor strikes etc but the main
    reason was having a group of powerful men from rival sectors
    of the autuombile industry working in favour of replacing
    trams.

    Katana is a weapon used by ninja’s which is
    primarily used for fighting and killing but it was aslo used for
    many other purposes like angle the scabbard against a wall and
    sometimes used as a stick to climb the mountains.

    Marriages these days are a subject to worry atleast in Britain
    as many people live together before marriages which results
    in divorce and most of the time,its women who apply for divorce.

  • 1 description of Aurora Borealis and analysing of its reason
    2 studying of causes which led to The decline of the tram system in North America
    3 the various uses of katana weapon to ninjas
    4 analysis of problems which face marriage in Britain and future results

  • #1 Northern lights, also called Aurora Borealis , makes night sky glow with different color and brightness building an arc across the sky makes some people afraid imagining fiery dragons and some concluding fire in heaven, however scientists don’t know what causes them.

    #2 Trams or Electric cars were clean and comfortable, however its use declined due to labor strikes, the great depression, regulations that were unfavorable to operators but the primary reason is the lobbying of the powerful group of automobile sector companies which worked together to lobby for laws to make it impossible to operate and ensuring its destruction.

    #3 Besides the katana, the long curved sword, its cover called scabbard, could be used for many purposes like climbing the wall or higher place by angling it against the wall or walking through a dark place as a stick but the most sinister use is to blind the enemy by putting a mixture of red pepper, dirt and iron shavings at the top of scabbard.

    #4 The institution of Marriage which was once a scared and demanded commitment in Britain, now has one in three chances of divorce leading to the raise of living together meanwhile the seven out of ten divorces are being applied by women reasoning cruel behavior, although Britain is a conservative in attitude towards marriage as compared to USA, Sweden and denmark this trend is alarming.

  • Most divorce cases filed by women in Britain due to cruel behavior of their partner in addition single parent family and more live-in relationship developing as a result traditional marriages are rare now.

  • The covering of Ninja’s sword Katana, the scabbard, serve various purposes in different situations like climbing walls, staying stealthy in enemy’s zone and making opponent blind by keeping dirt or other substances in it.

  • Although Electric trolley cars were serving as public transport effectively in US but General Motors and other automobile companies joined hands in order to increase their sales of automobiles by every mean possible to make sure its destruction.

  • Despite various historic perceptions the phenomena of Aurora Borealis is still a mystery to be solved for scientists that spread across the night sky and glows with different colors of different shaped initially composed of clouds.

  • #4th#
    Couple would like to celebrate their wedding perhaps being nervous plus given promises to each other for forever but fewer couple can keep these promises especially in Britain traditional marriage having so many divorces, therefore, women are the first reason to apply for divorce rather than men because women tolerate capacity less compare to men.

  • Different tools and weapons used by Ninjas during complete their job therefore most famous weapon was the katana which is curved plus long blade with provided two hands grip, Hence, sword also carried sheath or scabbard covered on the Ninja’s back for used in fighting and killing purpose, climbing to higher place and used front of dark places as well.

  • 1
    Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights, which used to scare some of the ancient people, appears and brightens the sky with different colours causing a great amusement for the public and scientists who have been studying it for many years but still are unable to give any authentic reason to why this happens.

    2
    Demise of electric trolley cars or trams, which were very efficient and desirable mode of transportation in USA, engineered by General Motors who, along with some other big automotive companies, wanted them to fail so that the public can buy their cars.

    3
    Ninjas were very skillful who used many weapons for fighting but their favourite weapon probably was a single-blade sword called Katana which they kept on their backs in a sheath or scabbard; and that scabbard had many more uses than just to accommodate the sword.

    4
    In the recent times, the rate of marriage is falling whereas the rate of divorce is rising, and it is the women who make up the majority of the total number of people who file for divorce citing cruel behaviour of their husbands as the major reason, which leads us to a conclusion that in the future the women might not be willing to tolerate as much as they used to.

  • #1. Lights are called Aurora Borealis, ancient people was think that fiery dragons in the sky and scientists not sure that what was in the sky.
    #3. :- Ninja shoulder used many types of weapons to finish their fight but katana sward was most probably used weapons in his fight trick, also used in climbing building, walking stick .
    #4.Marriage is lifelong fidelity and mutual support, but in Britain country’s divorce ration is higher in compared to the other country, because of men did cruel behavior toward women.

  • Once Electric trolley cars or trams were the main sources of public transportation in the United States, but all powerful automotive industries worked together to ensure its destruction.

  • Aurora Borealis light or Northern Lights is vibrant light in the sky, the scientists have not proved their cause, moreover, ancient people had seen this as fiery dragons and heavens were on fire
    .

  • 4. Britain is heading towards a marriage crisis as living together and divorce rates are increasing with mainly women seeking divorce on the grounds of unreasonable or cruel behavior.

  • Ninja’s are famous for using deadly weapons like throwing stars, bows, acid-spurting tubes, katana and also improvising with humble things like a sword carrying scabbard, which can be multi utilized as a climbing assist as well to navigate through dark areas apart from holding a mixture of red pepper, dirt, and iron shavings to blind the opponent.

  • 2. General Motors and other companies like Firestone Tire, Standard Oil of California, Phillips Petroleum were a part of the conspiracy to destroy the auto industry by lobbing the law and regulations to replace electric cars and trams as the chief mode of transportation to automobiles which pushed North America to labor strikes and the Great Depression.

  • 1. Aurora Borealis also called as the Northern Lights puts up a spectacular show in the night sky with bands of different colors, leaving the ancient people with scary stories and scientist still puzzled about the cause.

  • Aurora Borealis is a phenomenon during which the
    sky glows with beautiful colors in the shape of
    an arc but we are still unaware of the reason behind it
    and left with orthodox stories of northern lights.

    In olden days,Trams were one of the chief modes of
    transportaion in US but they were replaced by
    cars,buses,trucks by GM who conspired to dismantle
    the tram system to encourage automobile industry.

    Among the different weapons used by Ninjas like Katana,
    scabbard are the most useful ones,
    which can be used for multiple purposes to reach and
    destroy their enemy.

    A lot of people these days prefer to stay in living
    rather than a marriage due to large number of divorces
    applied, majorly by womens, who are less tolerant these days
    and probably will see more divorces in future.

  • The formations of fluctuating brightness of different colored arcs in the sky Known as Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights, the perception of which terrorize ancient people for various reasons, is still require a scientific definition.

  • #3 Favorite weapon of ninjas, Katana, a long curved sword which they used to carry in a scabbard on their back, was used for fighting and killing and scabbard served many other purposes as well.

    #4 Women nowadays, are less tolerant as they used to be which has resulted an increase in divorces and a decrease in marriages in Britain and people prefer living together more than marrying.

  • #1 Different colored lights spread in the sky during night are known as Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights are observed by the scientists since hundred years but they do not know the reason behind them and some people think them as fiery dragons or a heaven on fire.

    #2 The main transportation mode in the US was destroyed by the auto industry along with General Motors to replace the existing system and to increase the sales of vehicles like cars, buses and trucks.

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