PTE Academic Writing Summarize Written Text Practice Sample 38

Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

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PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #35

PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #36

PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #37

PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text

1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

Cow & Grass

The co-evolutionary relationship between cows and grass is one of nature’s underappreciated wonders; it also happens to be the key to understanding just about everything about modern meat. For the grasses, which have evolved to withstand the grazing of ruminants, the cow maintains and expands their habitat by preventing trees and shrubs from gaining a foothold and hogging the sunlight; the animal also spreads grass seed, plants it with his hooves, and then fertilizes it with his manure. In exchange for these services, the grasses offer ruminants a plentiful and exclusive supply of lunch. For cows (like sheep, bison, and other ruminants) have evolved the special ability to convert grass – which single-stomached creatures like us can’t digest – into high-quality protein. They can do this because they possess what is surely the most highly evolved digestive organ in nature: the rumen. About the size of a medicine ball, the organ is essentially a forty-five-gallon fermentation tank in which a resident population of bacteria dines on grass. Living their unseen lives at the far end of the food chain that culminates in a hamburger, these bacteria have, just like the grasses, coevolved with the cow, whom they feed. Truly this is an excellent system for all concerned: for the grasses, for the bacteria, for the animals, and for us, the animals’ eaters.

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There is a co-evolutionary relationship among cows, grass, and bacteria as cows have rumen where bacteria could digest grass into high-quality protein while they help the grass spread seed by their hooves and also provide manure to it.

2. Read and summarize written text in your words

Current research into the nature of the relationship between participation in physical activity/sport and educational performance has produced inconsistent and often non-comparable results. For example, some cross-sectional studies illustrate a positive correlation between participation in sport/physical activity and academic success (eg maths, reading, acuity, reaction times). However, critics point to a general failure to solve the issue of direction of cause – whether intelligence leads to success in the sport, whether involvement in sport enhances academic performance, or whether a third factor (eg personality traits) explains both. Longitudinal studies also

Longitudinal studies also generally support the suggestion that academic performance is enhanced, or at least maintained, by increased habitual physical activity. However, critics suggest that these studies are not definitive because some do not use randomised allocation of pupils to experimental and control groups (to control for pre-existing differences), others tend to use subjective teacher-assigned grades to assess academic achievement, rather than standardised and comparable tests and some programmes include parallel interventions, making it difficult to isolate specific effects.

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  • While some studies contend that educational performance enhanced drastically by increased participation in physical activities, opponents argue that results of these studies are not reliable because they do not use standardised evaluation tests.

  • The co-evolutionary relationship between cow and grass help each other in many ways, while the grass is a source of protein for cows digested through the rumen and in return cows spread the hooves and grass seed.

  • 1. The co-evolutionary relationship between cow, grass, and bacteria is one of nature’s wonders; grass provides cow with high-quality protein and plentiful supply of food; ruminants then returns the favor by spreading the seed with their hooves and even fertilize seeds with their manure and also provides nourishment to bacteria in their rumen.

    2. Current research and studies have shown positive connection between academic performance of prodigies and their active involvement in sports activities which enhances their overall growth; however critics have argued that methods used to draw this conclusion are not sufficient and not able to pinpoint, thus making it difficult to identify factors such as intelligence, performance or possibility of having the third factor.

  • Although some studies found that participation in sport/physical activity leads to academic success however critics suggests that these studies are not accurate because they have not followed correct methods in those studies.


    Comments please!

  • Although Longitudinal studies supports a positive relationship between participation in sports and education performance still critics argue as due to not randomised allocation of children to the experimental group, subject teacher-assigned grades to assess academic achievement and some programs include parallel interventions, this makes difficult to evaluate specific effects.

    Author Please review

  • There is a co-evolutionary relationship among cows, grass and bacteria as cows have rumen
    where bacteria could digest grass into high-quality protein while they help the grass spread
    seed by their hooves and also provide manure to it.

  • The relationship that exists between the cows and grasses are mutually beneficial to both, as the grass serve as a means of rumination for the cows, so also fertilization occurs from the manure of cows which make the grasses grow better.

    Please can you check this Author?

  • Longitudinal studies about study and sports activity suggest that engagement in sports activity can paramount stimulate student performance, however, critics do not accept this phenomenon and suggest to use random students from each and every pool to get a more accurate result.

  • The cows have digestion system rumen, which help them to digest grass and paramount bacteria, but this can augment trouble for human when eat their meat, as they don’t rumen food digestion system.

  • There is a mutually benefitting relationship between cow, grass, and bacteria, in which cow tries to protect the tress from halting foothold resulting in the supply of food, and that cow has rumen where bacteria could digest the grass into high quality protein while helping spread the seed by their hooves.

  • The basic of studies, conducted experiments in the participation between physical sport and educational performance, which demonstrate intelligence lead to success in sport and involvement in sport enhance academic performances regardless of inconsistent and none comparable results, discovered longitudinal studies also support these suggestions and others tend to use subjective teacher assigned grades to assess the academic results.

  • Cows and grass are made to co-exist, wherein though the grass resists any grazing activity, cows spread and fertilize grass seeds, and also ingest grass to convert it into high-quality protein by the action of bacteria present in the rumen.

  • The basis of studies, conducted to determine a relationship between academic performance and sports, has been questioned by some critics as un-reliable, though longitudinal studies claim that physical activity and educational performance are directly proportional.

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