Summarize Written Text – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text
- Read the given text and summarize it in your words.
America has changed dramatically during recent years. Not only has the number of graduates in traditional engineering disciplines such as mechanical, civil, electrical, chemical, and aeronautical engineering declined, but in most of the premier American universities engineering curricula now concentrate on and encourage largely the study of engineering science. As a result, there are declining offerings in engineering subjects dealing with infrastructure, the environment, and related issues, and greater concentration on high technology subjects, largely supporting increasingly complex scientific developments. While the latter is important, it should not be at the expense of more traditional engineering.
Rapidly developing economies such as China and India, as well as other industrial countries in Europe and Asia, continue to encourage and advance the teaching of engineering. Both China and India, respectively, graduate six and eight times as many traditional engineers as does the United States. Other industrial countries at minimum maintain their output, while America suffers an increasingly serious decline in the number of engineering graduates and a lack of well-educated engineers.
2. Read the given text and summarize it in your words.
Mention road rage, and most people instantly think of irate 18-to-26- year-old male drivers. Road rage is more common in young adult men, but under certain circumstances, anyone can become an angry, even violent, driver.
According to the American Automobile Association (AAA), four specific behaviors account for most road rage. One trigger is gestures other drivers make, especially obscene gestures. A second behavior that infuriates drivers is being cut off by other drivers who crowd in front of them. A third behavior that exasperates many drivers is someone who is driving too slowly in the left lane–even if the “slow” driver is going the speed limit! The fourth behavior that sparks road rage is tailgating, or following dangerously closely behind another car.
Road rage is increasingly common, so how can you minimize your risk of becoming a road rage victim? Actually, there are five commonsense rules. One important rule is simply to be polite. Another rule is to give other drivers plenty of room; don’t crowd them or tailgate. A third rule is not to be competitive over parking spaces or about going first. Another rule is to avoid eye contact with drivers who seem angry. A final rule is to get help if another driver is following you or trying to provoke a confrontation. Call 911 on your cell phone. Drive to a police station, shopping mall, or other place where there will be lots of people. Never, ever stop and get out of your car.
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