PTE Academic Writing Test 28 – Summarize Written Text

Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

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PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text 

  • Read and summarize written text in your words. #1

When Australians engage in debate about educational quality or equity, they often seem to accept that a country cannot achieve both at the same time.

Curriculum reforms intended to improve equity often fail to do so because they increase breadth or differentiation in offerings in a way that increases differences in quality. Further, these differences in quality often reflect differences in students’ social backgrounds because the ‘new’ offerings are typically taken up by relatively disadvantaged students who are not served well them. Evidence from New South Wales will be used to illustrate this point.

The need to improve the quality of education is well accepted across OECD and other countries as they seek to strengthen their human capital to underpin their modern, knowledge economies. Improved equity is also important for this purpose, since the demand for high-level skills is widespread and the opportunities for the low-skilled are diminishing.

Improved equity in education is also important for social cohesion. There are countries in which the education system seems primarily to reproduce existing social arrangements, conferring privilege where it already exists and denying it where it does not. Even in countries where the diagnosis might be less extreme, the capacity of schooling to build social cohesion is often diminished by the way in which schools separate individuals and groups.

  • Read and summarize written text in your words. #2

Tourism is widely considered to be a key driver of the Jamaican economy. The sector plays a strong role in generating taxes, employment, income and foreign exchange inflows. Given its linkages with other production sectors, it impacts a wide cross-section of the economy.

Since the advent of tourism in Jamaica, the sector has received incentives to attract local and foreign direct investment. The Hotel Incentives Act of 1968, the Resort Cottages Incentive Act of 1971 and the Attractions Incentive Regulation have all played a major role in the development of the sector, with the addition of almost 5,000 rooms and employment growth of 19% in the accommodation sector between 2000 and 2010. Visitor arrivals also increased by 45% over the last decade, allowing tourism to contribute between US$1.3 and US$2 billion annually to the local economy.

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9 Comments

  • Based on the debate on about educational quality or equity, the quality of education can be improved through human capital to underpin student’s modern and knowledge economies, and equity can be improved by social cohesion, by achieving two aspects at the same time to overcome the challenge.

  • Tourism is a key driver of Jamaican economy which got a boost after receiving many incentives to attract direct investments and also due to an increase in visitor arrivals.

  • Please review –
    Although educational quality is important for robust human capital and educational equity for social cohesion, they are difficult to attain simultaneously, as when efforts are made to improve the educational equity, quality degrades.

  • Australia is facing a challenge in its education based on quality and equity to attain both at the same time, in which quality brings the standards of world class education to bring the high-level skills to the students, however the country is trying to adopt the social cohesion based on equity in the existing social background of the students.

  • Main reason behind the growth of Jamaican economy is tourism, which is playing a predominant role to develop all the sectors of employment; therefore, 45% arrivals increased and economy contribute between US$1.3 and US$2 billion annually.

  • Although quality of education is accepted across the globe for strengthen their human capital, equity of education is also important for social cohesion; therefore, capacity of schooling to build social cohesion is often diminished by the way in which schools separate individuals and groups.

  • Jamaica is purely depending on tourism for the country’s economy, and it’s generating the revenue by direct and indirect income for their people, because Jamaica introduced some regulation act and other investment plan to improve tourism which yield good result by attracting the foreigners up to 45% more and achieved US$2 billion annual income.

  • Australia is facing a challenge in its education based on quality and equity to attain both at the same time, in which quality brings the standards of world class education to bring the high-level skills to the students, however the country is trying to adopt the social cohesion based on equity in the existing social background of the students.

  • Tourism plays a key role when it comes to improving the economy of jamaica, it has also received incentives to attract local and foreign direct investment; however, the number of tourists increased in jamaica and they contributed around 2 billion US to the local economy.

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