PTE Reading Multiple-choice, Choose Multiple Answer – Read the paragraph and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. This item type that assesses reading skills. It requires test takers to read, analyze, understand and assess a short text on an academic subject and choose more than one correct response.
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PTE Reading – Multiple-choice Choose Multiple Answer
1. Read the passage and answer the following question.
Opera refers to a dramatic art form, originating in Europe, in which the emotional content is conveyed to the audience as much through music, both vocal and instrumental, as it is through the lyrics. By contrast, in musical theater an actor’s dramatic performance is primary, and the music plays a lesser role. The drama in opera is presented using the primary elements of theater such as scenery, costumes, and acting. However, the words of the opera, or libretto, are sung rather than spoken. The singers are accompanied by a musical ensemble ranging from a small instrumental ensemble to a full symphonic orchestra.
Ques 1.Which of the following statements about Opera can be supported from this text?
[A]. Opera is a drama sung with the accompaniment of an orchestra.
[B]. Orchestras in operas can vary considerably in size
[C]. Music in musical theater is not as important as it is in opera.
[D]. There is argument over whether the music is important or the words in opera
[E]. Many people find musical theater more captivating than opera.
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2. Read the passage and answer the following question.
In Asia and much of the Third World, trees are still destroyed in an old-fashioned way: they are cut down for fuel and cropland. In Europe, there is a new and potentially more deadly culprit. The German call it ‘Waldsterben’, the dying forest syndrome. But the disease is far more than a German phenomenon. Since it was first observed by German scientists in the autumn of 1980, the mysterious malady has raced across Europe, blighting woods in countries as far apart as Sweden and Italy.
Explanations for the epidemic range from a cyclic change in the environment to a baffling form of tree cancer. But the most convincing evidence points to air pollution. Indeed, saving the rapidly deteriorating forests of Europe will probably require a two-pronged strategy: an offensive campaign that includes the breeding of pollution-immune trees and a defensive scheme that calls for reductions in toxic emissions. But both will require more money than is currently being spent on such measures, as well as total commitment to protecting the environment.
Ques 2. Why do you think the narrator calls the reasons for cutting the trees in the third world countries, ‘old fashioned’?
[A]. As the countries he is referring to are known as the third world, or under-developed countries.
[B]. Since science has made available modern and much-developed methods to satisfy these requirements.
[C]. As the reasons for which the trees are cut are no longer valid in today’s scenario.
[D]. It is a biased comment on the part of the narrator as it seems he belongs to a highly developed nation or society.
[E]. As there are modern solutions for the requirement of fuel and cropland available to us now.
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3. Read the passage and answer the following question.
A rain forest is a thick jungle which gets an unusually large amount of rain. Rainforests cover about 6% of the earth’s surface. They hold about one-half of the world’s plant and animal types. The four layers of a rain forest are the emergent layer, canopy layer, understory layer and forest floor.
The emergent layer is made up of very tall trees up to 200 feet high. They are usually evergreens. There is good sunlight there. The canopy layer forms a roof over the 2 remaining layers. Animals like snakes, toucans, and tree frogs live in this layer. Not much sun reaches the next layer, the understory layer. Plants then have to grow larger leaves to try to reach the sun. Jaguars, leopards and many insects live here. The final layer, the forest floor, has almost no plants. Many leaves decay quickly there due to the darkness. Giant anteaters live in this layer.
Rainforests are found in five major areas of the world. Central America is famous for its brightly colored birds. The Amazon jungle in South America is the world’s largest rain forest. It has the greatest variety of plants and animals of any other place on earth. Central Africa contains the world’s second largest rainforest. The rainforests of Asia stretch from India in the west to the islands of Java and Borneo in the Pacific Ocean in the east. Australia’rainforeststs are very dense and lush.
The plants that live in the rainforests provide shelter and food for the animals. They also participate in gas exchanges and provide much of the world’s oxygen supply. Plants compete for sunlight on the ground so some plants live on the branches of other plants. Aerial plants can get food from the air itself using air roots.
Some interesting animals live in the rain-forest. Toucans are colorful birds with short and thick necks. The bright colors on their bill help attract a mate. Their bills are sharp and can tear off pieces of big fruit. They eat lizards and small birds and live in holes in trees. Toucans live in the canopy layer in South and Central America. They are important because they help to scatter the seed from the fruit they eat.
Ques 3. Which of the following statements are supported by information given in the text?
[A]. The rain forests are only found in Central Africa and Australia
[B]. There is no sunlight in the emergent layer of the rain forest.
[C]. Some plants live on the branches of other plants.
[D]. Toucans scatter seeds from fruits and berries.
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