Multiple-choice Choose Single Answer – Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. This item type assesses reading skills. It requires test takers to read, analyze, understand and assess a short text on an academic subject and choose a single correct response.
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PTE Practice – Multiple-choice Choose Single Answer
1. Read the passage and answer the following question.
The American people have an incorrect understanding of what it means to be at war. At least so argues T.H. Pickett in his conservative interpretation of American military history.
Pickett does present a wealth of examples along with a refreshing candid argument that America often goes to war for an abstract ideal such as the democratization of societies, would peace, liberty, or freedom. For instance, the Spanish – American War of 1898 was ostensibly a consequence of national enthusiasm for the cause of Cuban liberty. And, more obviously, America’s entry into World War I stemmed from a desire to “make the world safe for democracy.”
Although these observations are supportable, Pickett overstates the cause typically lead to a war hysteria in which American leadership can no longer enforce any measured policies.
Ques 1. Which of the following best states the author’s main point?
[A]. Pickett provides a cogent rationale for why America engages in warfare; however, he draws conclusions that the author does not fully support.
[B]. Pickett’s study is valuable primarily because it provides a thorough understanding of the causes of American warfare.
[C]. The rationale for American warfare is well documented.
[D]. Pickett’s analysis of American military history provides the definitive historical record of the period from the Spanish-American War to World War I.
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2. Read the passage and answer the following question.
For many years, most physicists supported one of two cosmological theories: the steady-state universe, , and the Big Bang. The theory of the steady-state universe states that the universe has always existed exactly as we observe it at present, whereas the Big Bang theory postulates that the universe was conceived from a singularity in space-time that has expanded into current universe. The validity of either theory was not tested until 19 when Edwin Hubble famously discovered what is now known as Hubble’s Law.Hubble’s experiment is now a famous benchmark in modern physics. Hubble, using the Mount Wilson Observatory, observed a class of stars known as Cepheid variables, luminous stars that blink and flicker with a rate that depends on their distance from the observer.
Using this relation and years of observing, Hubble calculated the distance to many of these variable stars. Milton Humason, a fellow astronomer, helped Hubble to calculate the stars’ relative velocities to Earth. When Hubble combined the two data sets he found an interesting relationship: all the stars appeared to be moving away from us! In fact, the speed at which they were moving increased with an increasing distance from Earth.Hubble realized, from this small set of data, that the earth was a part of the expanding universe.
As the universe expands outward in all directions, any observer from a fixed vantage point will look out and see everything running away from them. The further away any two points are, the more the expansion affects them, and the faster they appear to be moving away from each other. Hubble’s result was the first experimental proof that we do not live in a steady-state universe, but rather a dynamic and expanding one.
Ques 2. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
[A]. Edwin Hubble discovered Hubble’s Law, a benchmark in modern physics.
[B]. Before 1929, most physicists supported one of two theories of the universe.
[C]. Hubble discovered that the universe is expanding, disproving the theory of the steady-state universe.
[D]. Modern physics would not have progressed without Hubble’s discovery of the expanding universe.
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