PTE Practise Test 14 – Free Practice – Reading (MCQ-single Answer)

Multiple-choice Choose Single Answer – Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. This item type that assesses reading skills. It requires test takers to read, analyze, understand and assess a short text on an academic subject and choose a single correct response.

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PTE Practice Test- MCQ-single Answer

1. Read the passage and answer the following question.

Unemployment was the overriding fact of life when Franklin D. Roosevelt became president of the United States on March 4, 1933. An anomaly of the time was that the government did not systematically collect statistics of joblessness; actually it did not start doing so until 1940. The Bureau of Labor Statistics later estimated that 12,830,000 persons were out of work in 1933, about one-fourth of a civilian labor force of more than 51 million.

Roosevelt signed the Federal Emergency Relief Act on May 12, 1933. The president selected Harry L. Hopkins, who headed the New York relief program, to run FERA. A gifted administrator, Hopkins quickly put the program into high gear. He gathered a small staff in Washington and brought the state relief organizations into the FERA system.

While the agency tried to provide all the necessities, food came first. City dwellers usually got an allowance for fuel, and rent for one month was provided in case of eviction.

Ques 1. This passage is primarily about…

[A]. unemployment in the 1930s.

[B]. the effect of unemployment on United States families.

[C]. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s presidency.

[D]. President Roosevelt’s FERA program

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2. Read the passage and answer the following question.

It has frequently been argued that freeing schools from the rigid rules, regulations, and statutes that have traditionally fettered them would have a revolutionary effect on academic achievement. For instance, it has been suggested that schools embodying this idea could develop more effective teaching methods that could then be replicated in other schools. Character schools public schools that operate under a contract, or “charter” were given just such an opportunity beginning in 1991 when Minnesota passed the first charter school law. At that time, many critics warned of deleterious rather than beneficial effects that such freewheeling schools could have on the academic achievement of students. Thus, while public opinion differed concerning the social desirability of charter schools, most agreed that there would be a pronounced effect.

Surprisingly, educators who study educational reform now seriously question the degree to which charter schools have made an impact. That conclude that freedom from many of the policies and regulations affecting traditional public schools and the concomitant control over decisions that guide the day – to – day affairs of the School have not resulted in equally dramatic changes in student’s academic performance. In some state performance standards than traditional public schools. It is, however, impossible to know whether this difference is due to the performance of the schools, the prior achievement of the students, or some other factor.

Metrics for educational accountability have changed considerably in the past decade, moving increasingly to performance as measured by state mandated tests of individual student achievement. Fundamentally, however, the challenging conditions under which schools operate, be they traditional or charter, have changed little: the struggle for resources, low pay for teachers, accountability to multiple stakeholders, and the difficulty of meeting the educational requirements for children with special needs all persist.

Ques 2. Which of the following statements best summarizes the main point of the passage?

[A]. Charter schools, despite their merits, fail to overcome the long-standing problems in public education.

[B]. Recent studies have shown that charter schools have had a revolutionary effect on student achievement.

[C]. Freeing schools from some of the restrictions that govern them has caused a change in education since 1991.

[D]. Charter schools have created a whole new way of educating children that did not previously exist.

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