PTE Real Exam Question – Summarize Written Text 46

Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

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PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #43

PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #44

PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #45

PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text

1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

Comparative Advantages

With an abundance of low-priced labour relative to the United States, it is no surprise that China, India and other developing countries specialize in the production of labour-intensive products. For similar reasons, the United States will specialize in the production of goods that are human- and physical capital intensive because of the relative abundance of a highly-educated labour force and technically sophisticated equipment in the United States.

This division of global production should yield a higher global output of both types of goods that would be the case if each country attempted to produce both of these goods itself. For example, the United States would produce more expensive labour-intensive goods because of its more expensive labour and the developing countries would produce more expensive human and physical capital-intensive goods because of their relative scarcity of these inputs. This logic implies that the United States is unlikely to be a significant global competitor in the production green technologies that are not relatively intensive in the human and physical capital.

Nevertheless, during the early stages of the development of a new technology, the United States has a comparative advantage in the production of the products enabled by this innovation. However, once these technologies become well-understood and production processes are designed that can make use of less-skilled labour, production will migrate to countries with less expensive labour.

Show Sample Summary >>>

Although some developing countries, such as China, become competent in the production green industries because they have a comparative advantage over the United States, in producing labour intensive goods due to the relatively lower-priced labour, the United States still has a comparative advantage enabled by innovation in the production at the early stage of the development of a new technology.

2. Read and summarize written text in your words.

The greatest climate change the world has seen in the last 100,000 years was the transition from the ice age to the warm interglacial period. New research from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen indicates that, contrary to the previous opinion, the rise in temperature and the rise in the atmospheric CO2 follow each other closely in terms of time. The results have been published in the scientific journal, Climate of the Past.

In the warmer climate, the atmospheric content of CO2 is naturally higher. The gas CO2 (carbon dioxide) is a greenhouse gas that absorbs heat radiation from Earth and thus keeps Earth warm. In the shift between ice ages and interglacial periods, the atmospheric content of CO2 helps to intensify the natural climate variations.

It had previously been thought that as the temperature began to rise at the end of the ice age approximately 19,000 years ago, an increase in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere followed with a delay of up to 1,000 years.

“Our analysis of ice cores from the ice sheet in Antarctica shows that the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere follows the rise in Antarctic temperatures very closely and is staggered by a few hundred years at most,” explains Sune Olander Rasmussen, Associate Professor and centre coordinator at the Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.

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53 Comments

  • Countries like the USA have developed production strategies based on the availability of technology and human resource, technology-rich Developed countries
    would pioneer in the production methods while developing countries may soon follow the same methods with low skilled labors.

  • Although, the United States has a comparative advantage in producing innovative products due to availability of huge capital, highly-educated work force, sophisticated equipment and later this technology and production process will eventually migrate to developing countries with less expensive labour.
    —————–
    According to the new study from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen indicates that, greenhouse gases such as CO2 (carbon dioxide) not only absorbs heat radiation from Earth and keeps Earth warm but also causes the natural climate change especially at Antarctica.

    Do i need to make any correction here!!!!! :O

    • – the availability
      The noun phrase ‘availability’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

      – work force → workforce
      The word ‘work force’ seems to be miswritten. Consider replacing it.

      – that,
      It appears that you have an unnecessary comma after the subordinating conjunction that. Consider removing the comma.

  • According to the studies conducted by various scientists, the transition of climate from ice cores to warm interglacial period is mainly due to the presence of the atmospheric content of CO2; it absorbs heat from Earth keeping it warm.

  • Some developing country as a china become competetant of production green energy because they have comparative advantage over producing in united states labour intensive goods due to relatively lower priced labour , to the united states still has comparative advantage enabled at inovation in the producing at the early stage of the development of a new technology.

    • a china
      The indefinite article, ‘a’, may be redundant when used with the uncountable noun china in your sentence. Consider removing it.

      – competetant → competent

      – a comparative or the comparative
      The noun phrase ‘comparative advantage’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article

      – labour intensive → labour-intensive

      It appears that ‘labour intensive’ is missing a hyphen. Consider adding the hyphen(s)

      – inovation → innovation

      a new

      The indefinite article, ‘a’, may be redundant when used with the uncountable noun technology in your sentence. Consider removing it.

  • Study conducted by Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen suggests that greenhouse gases, such as CO2, causes heat to remain in earth’s atmosphere which results in rising in temperature and reduction in ice core on the earth happens at the same time, however previously it was presumed that there is a delay in co-existence of these factors.

    • The increasing concentration of greenhouse gas CO2 follows the temperature elevation in Antarctic very closely, both paid to greatest climatic change that is transition from ice age to interglacial period.

  • The research conducted by scienctists of university of Copenhagena on ice cores in Antartica revealed that increase
    of atmospheric co2 level and global temperature happened relatively in same time,which defies previous theory.

  • Please review sir.

    Although the production of goods are carried out by developing and developed nations, United States should focus on expensive labour-intensive goods and others, should produce capital-intensive materials for now, but, once we have the latest technologies in place, the load can be outsourced to countries offering significant value.

    • are → is

      The plural verb ‘are’ does not appear to agree with the singular subject production. Consider changing the verb form for subject-verb agreement.

  • Hello Author, Please check and give your feedback.

    As per the study, climate change the world has seen in the last 100,000 years was the transition from the ice age to the warm interglacial period; however, according to a recent research the atmospheric content of CO2 is naturally higher during warmer climate incontrast to what has been previously thought as the temperature began to rise at the end of ice age.

  • Hello Sir,
    Can you please review this:

    According the Niels Bohr Institute, the earth’s temperature have been increasing since 19000
    years ago and this was proven by the study which reveals that increase in the CO2 absorbs the heat radiation which is emitted by earth causing the greenhouse effect.

    • – According to
      It appears that there is a missing preposition after the word ‘According’. Consider adding a preposition.

      – have → has
      The verb ‘have’ does not seem to agree with the subject earth temperature. Consider changing the verb form

  • Dear Author,

    can you please review this and give suggestion.

    The study about the climate change analysis that the climate has change from ice age to the warm interglacial period which causes increase of CO2 in atmosphere.

  • Although the opinion that refers the climate change due the transition of ice edge to interglacial period , the new finding has shown that increasing the earth’s temperature consequently raising the amount of co2 in a short time of period, which absorbs heat and keeps the earth warm.

  • The world climate change is the result of transition from the ice age to the warm interglacial period and according to recent research conducted at Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen reveals that there is a direct relation between the rise in temperature and the rise in atmospheric CO2 levels in terms of time.

  • The United States has comparative advantages in production of goods due to highly skilled labor force and innovative technologies, even though developing countries such as china compete with lower priced labor force.

    Author review this one plz.

    • Articles missing
      – advantages in the production
      – due to the highly skilled
      – with the lower

      China should have its ‘C’ capital (Proper Noun)

  • Although some developing countries, such as china, with low priced labor force, specialize in the production of labor intensive products, but United States lead the global market in production through its highly skilled and educated labor, and advancement in innovative technologies.

    Author please review.
    Thankyou

  • Research performed by the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen indicates that the warmer climate, the atmospheric content of CO2 is naturally higher and CO2 (carbon dioxide) absorbs heat radiation from Earth and thus keeps Earth warm thus,the shift between ice ages and interglacial periods, the atmospheric content of CO2 helps to intensify the natural climate variations.

  • The transition from the ice age to the warm inter-glacial period was the greatest climate change of the century; these is because of the continuing increase of carbon dioxide emission in our planet which contributed to the phenomenon.

  • The developed countries such as the United States has an advantage in production of innovative products due to the availability of human capital and “high tech” machinery; on the other hand, developing countries have an advantage over labour-intensive
    products due to cheap labour cost.

  • Unlike other developing countries, United States have to manufacture human-intensive product because of its highly skilled workforce and technology, but once the innovation and technology is well perceived, then the production process can be shifted to other countries with cheaper labor force.

    Hi,
    Author can u please provide feedback.

  • United States being the hub of new technology and innovation, has the comparative advantage in production of these products over the countries like Chain, India and other developing countries, who only specialise in the production of labour-intensive products in comparison to United States that specialise in the production of goods that are human and physical capital intensive.

    Author please review..

  • Dear Author,

    If your time permits it, kindly review my answers.

    Labor in the United States, compared to other developing countries, is far expensive, although innovation of new technology may seem advantageous for the United States due to their highly educated labor-force, once these technologies become well-understood, production will still migrate to countries with cheaper labor.

    According to the research of the University of Copenhagen, the greatest climate change that the world has seen was the transition from ice age to the warm interglacial period, where it was previously thought that temperature began to rise then followed by the increase of C02 but with the recent findings, it was found that C02 was first to rise then followed by the temperature.

  • Regarding the climate change, a new research has shown that rising in temperature is directly followed by rising in the percentage of CO2,where this gas absorbs heat from the atmosphere, hence carbon dioxide gas is called greenhouse gas.

  • While previously people thought that there was approximately 1000 years gap between the rise in Antarctic temperatures at the end of ice age and the rise in the level of carbon dioxide, the recent analysis proves that these two processes were closely linked in time.

  • Please review —- Although, the United States has a competitive edge by innovation in production industry during the early stages; however, it is unlikely to become a global competitor by using costly labor and sophisticated equipment resulting in an expensive product which simply competes by developing countries like China and India with cheap labor.

  • Unites states,who are specialized in the production of goods that are human and physical capital intensive, is unlikely to be a prominent competitor in the production technologies because once the technologies are understood and designed,production will migrate to countries with less expensive labor like India and China

  • There are a lot of theories given for the reason of ice age ending however, according to latest study of ice cores of Antarctica, rise in the concentration of carbon dioxide might be one of the reason for rise in atomospheric temprature and the ending of ice age, as both the phenomenas occured in close time interval.

  • United State has the domination in producing capital intensive products due to the availability of costly and complex technology however, once these technologies are simplified in future, developing countries will also become able to produce these products.

  • The United States has powerful technology but they has to spent more money fro labor cost than developing countries such as China, and India.

  • As per the analyses done by the researchers, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere and the rise in the temperature has some direct relationship; as the temperature goes up, so the CO2 in the atmosphere.

  • There was temperature increase from ice age to interglacial period due to raise in co2 in atmosphere and analysis of ice cores in antartica states that concentration on CO2 depends on rise in antartic weather.

  • During the early stages of the development of a new technology, the United States has comparative advantages by innovations in the production even though the developing nations compete due to lower price labor.

  • There are lot of studies done about climate change that made earth warmer, but according to Niels Bohr Institue Study shows at the end of Ice age CO2 content was higher in the atmosphere that made temperature to rise in the Antartica region as this continued for few 100 years.

  • United States has comparative abundace of highly educated labor force and technology than other developing countries even though they produce both type of human-physical capital intensive goods because of more expensiveness, however they lag in production of green technologies in these areas.

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