Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
PTE Summary Writing – Summarize Written Text In One Sentence
- Read and summarize written text in your words.
Agricultural progress provided the stimulus necessary to set off economic expansion in medieval France. As long as those who worked the land were barely able to ensure their own subsistence and that of their landlords, all other activities had to be minimal, but when food surpluses increased, it became possible to release more people for governmental, commercial, religious and cultural pursuits.
However, not all the funds from the agricultural surplus were actually available for commercial investment. Much of the surplus, in the form of food increases, probably went to raise the subsistence level; an additional amount, in the form of currency gained from the sale of food, went into the royal treasury to be used in waging war. Although Louis VII of France levied a less crushing tax burden on his subjects than did England’s Henry II, Louis VII did spend great sums on an unsuccessful crusade, and his vassals—both lay and ecclesiastic —took over spending where their sovereign stopped. Surplus funds were claimed both by the Church and by feudal landholders, whereupon cathedrals and castles mushroomed throughout France.
PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #3
PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #4 [Sample Summary]
2. Read and summarize written text in your words.
The 1950s saw the emergence of the theory of andragogy, the process by which adults learn (as distinct from pedagogy, the theory of children’s learning processes). Educator Malcolm Knowles held that flexibility, informality, enthusiasm, and commitment from both student and teacher, as well as the ability to build upon extant knowledge, were all necessary aspects of adult education classes.
Knowles’s beliefs about adult learning had their roots in five assumptions. First, adults are self-directed, independent beings. Next, adults have a reservoir of experiences on which to build, which children lack. Third, they are ready to learn skills necessary for their social roles. Fourth, adults learn as a way of solving problems, since their application of learned concepts is immediate. Finally, adults’ motivation to learn comes from within.
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Since adults could be defined as self-directed, rich in experience,skillful,problem-solver and motivated, Malcolm Knowles advised to follow the theory of androgogy for adult education.
The Agricultural progress had boosted the economy of France during medieval period; however, income generating from Agriculture has been used in spending on wars and surplus amounts used to claim by religious institutions.
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Although, in the middle age in France, Agricultural process was provided the stimulus necessary to set off economic boom and Louis VII of France levied a less crushing tax burden on his subjects by spending huge ransom on an unthriving crusade, and his vassals but not all the funds from the agricultural surplus were available for commercial investment.
can it be middle ages or middle age?
Although, the 1950s saw the emergence of the theory of andragogy, the process by which adults learn (as distinct from pedagogy, the theory of children’s learning processes) but Educator Malcolm Knowles said that the ability to build upon knowledge were all necessary aspects of adult education classes because his beliefs about adult learning had their roots in five assumptions.
Although, the 1950s saw the emergence of the theory of andragogy, the process by which adults learn (as distinct from pedagogy, the theory of children’s learning processes) but Educator Malcolm Knowles said that the ability to build upon knowledge were all vital aspects of adult coaching classes because his beliefs about adult learning had their roots in five assumptions.
Although, the 1950s saw the emergence of the theory of andragogy, the process by which adults learn (as the theory of children’s learning process) but Educator Malcolm Knowles said that the ability to build upon knowledge were all vital aspects of adult coaching classes because his beliefs about adult learning had their roots in five assumptions.
Indispensable excess food during medieval France, augment royal Treasury funds, which was used in war, however, after war surplus funds were claimed by the Church and feudal landholders.
Food surpluses and financial gains from agriculture has contributed in France’s economic expansion and funds were diverted for the use of various purposes.
There were surplus funds generated by the agricultural activity in medieval France. Much of it went to increase the subsistence level and the remaining amount in the form of currency gain is transferred to royal treasury used in waging war. It is claimed by Church and by feudal landholders.
it has to be ONE SENTENCE ONLY. You have written 3.
While royal family used the funding earned from the agricultural surplus war wages, France’s economic expansion took place based on the funding left after royal sovereign stopped.
Money gained from agricultural progress in France was not used for investment purposes but to meet the growing expenses of church, top brass people and unnecessary wars.
With the help of teachers and students, Malcolm developed a theory for learning of adults based on assumptions that adults are more self-directed, experienced, sociable, analytical and motivated to learn as compared to children.
Agricultural progress made economic growth in mid-France to people of various business sectors which also benefited the royal treasury for waging war and also increased surplus funds to church and feudal landlords.
As per the theory of andragogy, educator malcolm knowles held tat flexibility informality, enthusiasm, commitment from both student and teacher were all necessary aspects of adult which are been explained by five assumptions – self directed, reservoir of experiences, ready to learn in solving problems, since their application of learned concepts comes from within.
The text summarizes about agricultural progress during ancient times Louis VII of France and England ‘s Henry II, Louis VII did spend great sums on an unsuccessful crusade, and his vassals wherein when food surpluses increased it became possible to release to more people for governmental, commercial, religious and also by the church and by feudal landholders throughout France.
Theory of andragogy urged in 1950s as a process of adults’ learning which is different from pedagogy, in addition, andragogy has five more assumptions for independent learning and problem solving.
Progress in agricultural sector in medieval France led to economic surplus and opened up job avenues in other sectors such as religious, cultural etc. but the entire surplus was not utilised on investment in capital, as a significant proportion went to royal treasury to wage war.
it has to be ONE SENTENCE ONLY.
The economic development of medieval France was initiated by the progress of agricultural surplus, which was achieved not only meeting the demand but also earning money from selling the excess food and the money was reserved for using during the wartime
According to Educator Malcolm Knowles mature people who have lots of experience and motivation as well as know the fastest way of solving problems may learn many new things as long as they are enthusiastic to learn.
Andragogy a process of adult learning require necessary efforts from both teacher and student based on Knowles’s five belief’s all which points to being an adult always itself an advantage.
In medieval France agriculture gave its economy the required momentum in order to expand by selling the surplus food and help developed and under developed sectors by lowering taxes, providing financial aid and religion to spread.
Adult education in 1950 emerged by the educator named Malcolm Knoles by adopting pedagogy theory which has 5 assumptions for adults learning namely self-direction, experience, skills, problem-solving techniques, motivation.
Please correct me if I am wrong.
Knowels who coined the term andragogy for adult learning believed in extra efforts by both teachers and students; he also made five essential assumptions for adults which are self direction, experience, learning social skills, applying knowledge for problem solving and motivation.
Not all funds made from the agricultural surplus in medieval France were available for commercial investment because majority of it went to the royal treasury to be used in waging war while the rest were claimed by the Church and landholders.
Malcolm Knowles supported the theory of andragogy because he believed that there were some important aspects necessary for the adult education classes, which he based on five assumptions.
In the middle ages of France when the excess of income gained from the agriculture was not utilized for their growth instead they spend money on waging war and claimed by some religious outfits and landholders.
Educator Malcom Knowles avidly supported the theory of andragogy, as believed in the inherent potential and qualities innate in the adults based on five assumptions of enriched experience, problem solving ability, learning skills, self-directed and motivated.
Adults teaching was given new dimension by educator name Malcolm Knowles by adopting theory of andragogy, which adopted five assumptions namely Self directed, reservoir of experiences, learning skills, solving problems and motivation.
During Medieval age in France the agricultural surplus was not utilised for economically growth instead the funds were deviated to conquer or expand the dynasty of Louis VII, at a same time the funds were claimed by some religious outfits and landlords.