PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample 35

Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using 1 sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

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PTE Academic Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample #34

PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text

1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

No one knows for sure how the Mud Dragon died. The 72-66 million year old dinosaur, excavated by a farmer and construction workers with the help of a little TNT, is nearly complete and seems to be reaching out to us through time. If the pose can be taken as preserving the moment of death, it’s not difficult to imagine this parrot-like dinosaur struggling against the sucking mud of a Cretaceous swamp, too tired to kick anymore. Whether this actually happened or not is as yet unknown, but its nickname nevertheless conjures the image of a hopelessly-mired theropod.

What’s clearer is what this new dinosaur – officially dubbed Tongtianlong limosus – says about dinosaurs in the days of the Late Cretaceous. In the paper describing the creature, paleontologists Junchang Lü, Stephen Brusatte, and colleagues point out that this is the sixth unique oviraptorid dinosaur found in the Late Cretaceous rock around Ganzhou, China. Within the last seven million years of the Cretaceous, just before the extinction that killed all the non-avian dinosaurs, these peculiar omnivores were undergoing a great diversification, new forms popping up right until the very end.

Paleontologists are continuing the debate whether non-avian dinosaurs went out with a bang or a whimper at the end of the Cretaceous. Some studies suggest that they thrived to the very last moment. Others conclude that something was happening to trim dinosaur body types and diversity in the last seven million years. There’s no answer yet, especially given that so much of what is known about the extinction comes from only a few spots around the world. Not to mention that it may be that some dinosaur communities were being reshuffled while others were continuing to thrive in the way they had been. For now, though, Tongtianlong hints that some forms of dinosaurs were proliferating right into the last days of the Cretaceous, beckoning us to go out and find more fossils from this narrow, critical slice of dinosaurian history.

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2. Read and summarize written text in your words

With all the discussions about protecting the earth and saving the planet. it is easy to forget that we also need to preserve the many species of fish that live in the oceans. In developed countries. much larger quantities of fish are consumed than was the case a century ago when fish only featured on the menu once a week. These days, fish has become a popular healthy alternative to meat and this has created a demand for species such as cod, mackerel, and tuna that far outstrips the demands of the previous generation. Throughout the world too, increasing consumption during the past 30 years has meant that the shallow parts of the ocean have been overfished in an effort to supply homes, shops, and restaurants with the quantities of fish that they require.

Yet despite the sophisticated fishing techniques of today, catches are smaller than they were a century or more ago. What is more, boats are having to drop their nets much deeper into the oceans and the fish they are coming up with are smaller and weigh less than they used to. While government controls have had some effect on fish stocks, the future does not offer a promising picture. Experts predict large-scale extinctions and an irreversibly damaging effect on entire ecosystems unless greater efforts are made to conserve fish stocks and prevent overfishing in the world’s waters.

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  • Due to increase in fish demand lately; fishes such as Cod, mackerel, and tuna have been hunted to extinction, and the ocean is left with so less fish that concern of large-scale extinction is a possibility unless serious efforts are taken to stop the irreversible damage of overfishing.

  • Fossil found of the Mud Dragon dinosaur indicates that it may have died under mysterious circumstances but paleontologists can recreate enough information from its well-preserved fossil to hypothesize that “Tongtianlong limosus” dinosaurs were thriving and undergoing major changes right until the end of Cretaceous before becoming extinct.

  • As the fish consumption is significantly increased in recent times, a conscious effort has to be made to prevent the over-fishing to maintain the balance of entire ecosystem.

  • Research studies have had conflicting view about how land dinosaurs came to extinction , and whether it was sudden or gradual process is still unknown.

  • About 30 years of overfishing to meet the increasing demand of human consumption, resulted not only in depletion of healthy fish at shallow region also lead to an extinction of many species that requires attention.

  • Increasing consumption of fish as a better substitute to meat has stemmed to wrongful ways of fishing, which may have a far reaching impact on ecosystem; therefore, the convergent efforts are required from all the responsible sectors to curb the fish stock before it’s too late.

  • The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released a new report on anthropogenic climate change.
    The findings of the report include the following:
    – The world’s average surface temperature has increased by around 0.74°C over the past 100 years (1906 – 2005). A warming of
    about 0.2°C is projected for each of the next two decades.
    – The best estimates for sea-level rise due to ocean expansion and glacier melt by the end of the century (compared to 1989 – 1999
    levels) have narrowed to 28 – 58 cm, versus 9 – 88 cm in the 2001 report, due to improved understanding. However, larger values
    of up to 1 m by 2100 cannot be ruled out if ice sheets continue to melt as temperature rises.
    – Sea ice is projected to shrink in both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Large areas of the Arctic Ocean could lose year-round ice
    cover by the end of the 21st century if human emissions reach the higher end of current estimates. The extent of Arctic sea ice
    has already shrunk by about 2.7 per cent per decade since 1978, with the summer minimum declining by about 7.1 per cent per
    decade.
    – Snow cover has decreased in most regions, especially in spring. The maximum extent of frozen ground in the winter/spring
    season decreased by about 7 per cent in the Northern Hemisphere over the latter half of the 20th century. The average freezing
    date for rivers and lakes in the Northern Hemisphere over the past 150 years has arrived later by some 5.8 days per century, while
    the average break-up date has arrived earlier by 6.5 days per century.
    – It is “very likely” that precipitation will increase at high latitudes and “likely” it will decrease over most subtropical land regions. The
    pattern of these changes is similar to what has been observed during the 20th century.

    Can I write This as an answer : UN Panel has released a new report on climate change. Temperature has increased over the past 100 years. Sea-level rise due to ocean expansion and glacier melt. ice sheets continue to melt as temperature rises. Snow cover has decreased in most regions especially in spring the pattern is similar has been observed during the 20th century.

      • Will this be fine?

        The IPCC has published latest report on climatic change which comprises of the increase in world’s average surface temperature, rise in sea-level, shrinking of sea ice, decline in snow cover and precipitation change.

  • According to the expert ,Tongtianlong limosus, were the sixth unique oviraptorid dinosaur found in the Late Cretaceous rock, Moreover, the debate about whether non-avian dinosaurs went out with a bang or a whimper at the end of the Cretaceous is still going on, which has resulted in no answer yet, due to the information of the extinction comes from only a few spots around the world.

  • Paleontologists are doing lot of research and debate over the exact cause of death of a Mug Dragon which once lived on earth nearly 72-66 million years ago, yet still they didn’t able to find exact reason of extinction.

  • Fish has become alternative source of meat because of increased consumption in recent years, in-turn it has created huge demand for the supply, if effort are not made it may lead to the extinctions of the species.

    • With the carelessness in preserving the species of the fish in the ocean, in the developed countries, much larger fishies quantities are consumed in today’s time than a century before.

  • Mud dragon’s secret extinction is yet hidden to all scientists who swamp in mud, they were the sixth unique creature who were non-avian dinosaurs, were killed just before 7 million years ago during which their body types and diversification was happening.

  • Experts think due to big scale extinction and irreversible demand of fish in all over the world, has affected the count of various species of fishes which used to be very big in number century ago, to prevent this government should have control in over fishing.

  • Researchers predict that the effect on ecosystem is because of the extinction of sea creatures; however, there is high consumption and supply of fishes from past few decades , so government need to implement laws against over fishing.
    (main topic-extinction of fish+PROBLEM+reason+solution)

  • Palentologists have different view about the extinction of dinosaurs of the cretaceous period; however, this is a point of debate between scientists and researchers because of the reason of its extinction is unknown. ( Mainly the topic is about dinosaur extiction. so, it is subject. secondly, the time or period (cretaceous) and the opinion are palentologist and according to study(researchers).) OPINION +WHY/HOW+OVERALL ISSUE)

  • Increasing consumption of fish species is causing the large-scale extinction of them, that’s why attention and control are required to save the species else it can cause a disturbance in the complete ecosystem.

  • Paleontologists research results on the extinction of non-avian dinosaurs of the mud-dragon era remains ambiguous especially because its from limited geographic locations and we must therefore go deeper into the dinosauran history and get fossils for the same course.

  • 1. Palaeontologists have different views on the extinction of dinosaurs; however,the exact reason behind their extinction is still unknown.

    2. The decline in fish population because of increasing demand has created a great risk to ecosystem; therefore, a great effort from government is required to preserve the marine ecosystem.

    Plz provide some feedback thx

  • Increased demand of fish as healthy substitute to other protein sources, by contemporary generation is resulting in excessive fishing, which if not controlled in time, will result in irreparable destruction of ocean ecosystem and extinction of many fish species.

  • No one knows for sure how the Mud Dragon died, and Paleontologists are continuing the debate whether non-avian dinosaurs went out with a bang or a whimper at the end of the Cretaceous.

    • There is no clear explanation about how Mud dragon died after conducting some research,however, Palaeontologist decided to do a further investigation through examining more fossils.

  • Large consumption of fish for good health and other purposes have badly affected the ecosystem and thus, preservation and protection of fish is utmost.

    • The increasing number of fish consumption due to a high demand of fish as a healthy alternative has created some significant problems in the ocean, furthermore, experts predict there will be species extinctions and ecosystem imbalance.

  • A fish plays a key role in our life when it comes to disappearing by overconsumption and heaps amount of supply during last 30 year from home to restaurant and shops to hotels, and due to overfishing from the shallow part of the ocean, people will not only deprived of the alternative health benefit but also face the detrimental effect on entire ecosystem.

    is there anyone who can help me to improve my writing skills??????

  • Sizes of fish are getting smaller due to the overfishing problem that has caused by the increasing demand of humans, which might lead to extinctions and damaging effects on ecosystems unless greater actions are taken.

  • Experts say that sharp increase in demand of fishes and overfishing could lead to a large-scale extinction of fishes and irreparable damage to the ecosystem unless serious efforts are taken to preserve this species.

  • In spite of Government control and advance fishing techniques, supply of several species of fish cannot be made up to demand as consumption of fish has increased as compared to last century and experts predict mass extinction and irrecoverable destructive effects on ecosystem if preventive measures will not be taken.

    Please tell me if it’s correct.

  • Fossils of the sixth unique theropod, namely the Mud Dragon bring forward the debate among the researchers whether dinosaur continued to grow till the last of their days or they evolved in the last seven million years, but there is no answer to this due to lack of geographic research in the history of dinosaur.
    please tell me if it is correct.

  • Consumption of fish acts a alternative to meats nowadays, with catching of fish into the deeper oceans to supply larger communities and boats going into deeper oceans to catch fish, have made experts to think that the future can be unstable for ecosystem, however, eventhough governments have control over these, experts suggests that greater efforts had to be made to avoid extinction in future.

  • 1. It is unclear to determine exactly the reason why for the extinction of dinosaurs such as the Mud Dragon in the Late Cretaceous era, since scientists constantly find evidence pointing out to different conclusions.
    2. The consumption of fish has increased significantly over past few decades and, despite the improvements in fishing techniques, the constant search for fishes to supply this excessive demand is leading experts to predict a large-scale extinction in the oceans.

  • Increasing the consumption and demand of fish species making harder to get fish from ocean, as we need to go deeper in the sea to get fish but we still get small quantity therefore we have to prevent fish.

  • Fish has become a popular healthy food and increase consumption during the past 30 years that overfished becomes the big issue, which people have to drop their nets much deeper into the oceans and fishes come up with small amount and less weight, therefore, we need to have some greater efforts to conserve fish stocks and prevent overfishing in the world’s waters

  • There is no answer for the Mud Dragon died that some studies are conclude it was happening to trim dinosaur body types and diversity in the last seven million years, moreover, into the last days of the Cretaceous dinosaurs were proliferating that we can find more fossils from this narrow, critical slice of dinosaurian history.

  • The demand and consumption of fish have increased significantly, but, despite the availability of more efficient techniques their stock is dropping day by day due to the uncontrolled fishing practice, however, experts estimate much harsher aquatic future due to the mass extinction of fishes and irreversible deteriorating impacts on aquatic eco-system.

  • The decline in the number of fish species caused by overfishing and drastic increase in fish consumption has become a serious environmental problem today and should be addressed, like the regulations imposed by the governments, for the reason that it may lead to more devastating effects to the eco-system and possible species extinctions, as foreseen by the experts.

  • Researchers needs to find more evidence from last days of creataceous to find out process of their extinction because from limited research in few geography reasons for their extinction is not clear .

  • The discussion about fish has been a popular alternative meat while government has controls effects on fish stocks because it’s effects on ecosystems and overfishing in the water.

  • Nowadays, fish is a more popular healthy alternate to meat and this created demand on some verities however, to protect ecosystem government has to take steps to control overfishing and stock on fish.

  • 1. Theories about the extinction of dinosaurs greatly differ one from another mostly due to the limit of research based on few geographical areas and paleontologists are not agreeing on one theory failing to give us a clear answer on how it happened.

    2. Despite government regulation, fishing process throughout the world has recently started posing a threat to the ecological system and limited availability of fish even with modern technology is an evidence.

  • Beside Government interventions, reducing population of fishes in oceans would not stop that will surely affect the ecosystem in future, it can be observed with deeper efforts for the catch to meet high demands from developing countries.

  • Paleontologists reveal that new excavated dinosaur from China’s Cretaceous, is 6th of its “kind oviraptorid” whose death open up debate whether it died suddenly or it died while evolving in the last 7 million years.

  • There are many theories about life of dinosaurs and their disappearance from earth, however till what extent these theories are correct is still unknown and this is always a point of debate between researchers and scientists.

    Consumption of fish throughout the world has increased drastically in past few years which has resulted into disappearance of some species of fish, in spite of governments launching campaigns to save endangered species of fish consumption has increased due to health benefits of eating fish, it’s time to put more efforts and be self-responsible to protect endangered species of fish.

  • Consumption of fish throughout the world has increased drastically in past few years which has resulted into disappearance of some species of fish, in spite of governments launching campaigns to save endangered species of fish consumption has increased due to health benefits of eating fish, it’s time to put more efforts and be self-responsible to protect endangered species of fish.

  • It is important to take timely action to preserve the fish stocks and thereby maintain a balance in the ecosystem as experts predict that the extinction of fishes is soon bound to occur due to over fishing or over consumption of fishes.

  • 1. the parrot-like dinosaur, nicknamed Mud Dragon, is believed to have survived up until the very end of extinction, discovered somewhere in the Late Cretaceous rock in China, however some paleontologists have contrary observations about the extinction that requires indepth research in the dinosaurian history.

    —————
    2. although government is trying to control, experts believe that marine-life ecosystem, specifically fish, is being greatly damaged because of growing consumer consumption specially when it has become a healthy alternative to meat, and therefore effective measures need to be in-place in order to save the future.

  • people should have more conscious to conserve fish and to avoid over fishing in world’s water so that the fish species may have an prominent future.

  • Unless efforts are made to conserve fish stocks, protecting the earth and saving the planet, otherwise, it is predicable that there will be a large-scale extinctions and irreversible damaging effect on the entire ecosystems which was mainly due to the over demanding of the fish stocks by the consumers after knowing that fishes are an alternative to meat and this had contributed to the increase in consumption of fishes over the past 30 years.

  • It is as important to preserve the species as preventing Earth and Planet.Studies says, that fish consumption has dramatically moved high over past 30 years which leads to over fishing in deep waters.If this is not controlled down the line we may face irreversible damage in our ecosystems.

  • Paleontologists undergone various researches about the extinction of dinosaurs. Yet, the reason remains still unclear and the reason behind this mystery can be found by exploring dinosaurian history

  • Due to human interventions there has been a drastic decrease in the fish population and experts suggest that unless efforts are made to conserve fish stocks and prevent overfishing, there would be a large scale extinction and a damaging effect on ecosystems.

  • Paleontologists research about the death of mud dragon which the reason was unknown, the 72 to 66 years old dinosaurs was found by farmers and workers and it was confirmed the six dinosaurs found in Cretaceous.

  • Planetologists carried out many studies about the death of mud dinosaur, but the reason still remains unclear and to finds the cause, we need to find from fossil critical slice of dinosaur history.

  • Due to irreversible ecosystem damage caused by humans and large consumption are depleting the species in the oceans which can be prevented by taking substantial measures by government on fishing.

    • Modified a bit as myself found errors

      Due to irreversible ecosystem damage caused by humans and large consumption with increasing population, species in the oceans are getting depleted which needs to be prevented by taking substantial measures on fishing.

  • Many studies were carried out by Paleontologists on dinosaurs extinction which are still unclear and alluring the researchers to investigate on the moot questions about its diversity.

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