PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text Practice Sample 39

Summarize Written Text In One Sentence – Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence (between 5 and 75 words). Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

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PTE Writing – Summarize Written Text

1. Read and summarize written text in your words.

National Prohibition Act 

In 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was enacted, creating yet another serious setback to the American wine industry. The National Prohibition Act, also known as the Volstead Act, prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation, importation, exportation, delivery, or possession of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes, and nearly destroyed what had become a thriving national industry. In 1920 there were more than seven hundred wineries in California. By the end of Prohibition, there were 160.

If Prohibition had lasted only four or five years, its impact on the wine industry might have been negligible. But it continued for thirteen years, during which time grapes went underground literally and figuratively, becoming an important commodity in the criminal economy. One loophole in the Volstead Act allowed for the manufacture and sale of sacramental wines, medicinal wines for sale by pharmacists with a doctor’s prescription, and medicinal wine tonics (fortified wines) sold without a prescription. Perhaps more importantly, Prohibition allowed anyone to produce up to two hundred gallons of fruit juice or cider each year. The fruit juice, which was sometimes made into concentrate, was ideal for making wine. Some of this yield found its way to bootleggers throughout America who did just that. But not for long, because the government stepped in and banned the sale of grape juice, preventing illegal wine production. Vineyards stopped being planted, and the American wine industry ground to a halt.

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In 1920, the Volstead Act came into effect and lasted for 13 years to prohibit the manufacture, sale, transportation, importation, exportation, delivery, or possession of intoxicating liquors and almost destroyed this industry through its loophole allowed for the production of some kinds of wine and fruit juice which later on was banned by the government.

2. Read and summarize written text in your words.

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, various factors contributed to an epidemic of alcoholism that went hand-in-hand with spousal abuse, family neglect, and chronic unemployment. Americans used to drink lightly alcoholic beverages like cider “from the crack of dawn to the crack of dawn” began ingesting far more alcohol as they drank more of strong, cheap beverages like rum (in the colonial period) and whiskey (in the post-Revolutionary period).[1]Popular pressure for cheap and plentiful alcohol led to relaxed ordinances on alcohol sales.

The Temperance movement sparked to life with Benjamin Rush’s 1784 tract, An Inquiry Into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Body and Mind, which judged the excessive use of alcohol injurious to physical and psychological health. Apparently influenced by Dr Rush’s Inquiry, about 200 farmers in a Connecticut community formed a temperance association in 1789 to ban the making of whiskey. Similar associations were formed in Virginia in 1800, and New York State in 1808.[2] Over the next decade, other temperance organizations were formed in eight states, some being statewide organizations. The young movement advocated temperance or levelness rather than abstinence. Many leaders of the movement expanded their activities and took positions on observance of the Sabbath and other moral issues, and by the early 1820s political in-fighting had stalled the movement.

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  • Various associations were being formed in the eighteenth-century to control the consumption of alcohol, because it is injurious for physical and psychological health of the consumers and also leading to lots of social curses like spousal abuse, family ignorance and chronic unemployment.

  • The Volstead Act was a serious setback for the American Wine Industry, which prohibited the manufacture and sale of intoxicated liquors, but this act was having a loophole due to which grape juice concentrate was being sold to wine industry, but Government intervened at a very interim stage and stopped that.

  • Numerous Temperance movements took place in the late eighteen century after American started indulging in strong-cheap intoxicating liquors like whiskey and linked with family problems and unemployment, but the movement got stalled in the early 19th century.

  • 1.
    With the amendment of Volstead act(National Prohibition Act) in 1920, wine production in America came to a grinding halt as ban was held on production of wine, but was only allowed for medical purposes initially which later was banned completely due to illegal wine production and this impacted on wine factories and economy.

    2.
    Increased consumption of alcoholic beverages in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century in America led to injuries to physical and psychological health and over the next decade, movements by temperance associations led to ban of alcohol but due to political reasons the movements got finally stalled.

  • Between the late eighteenth and nineteenth century various factors like spousal abuse, neglecting family , and unemployment happened due to drinking alcohol, Americans used to drink light alcoholic beverage initially, later on, they used to indulge in strong and cheap beverages, Temperance association was sparked in life in 1784 and conducts the inquiry to investigate the effects of Ardent Spirits upon the human body and Mind, that’s concluded the excessive use is injurious to health.

  • The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution happened in 1920, which implemented National Prohibition Act on American’s wines industry and banned wines, but the one loophole was there that is Volstead Act, that allowed the manufacturing and Sales of wines for medicinal purposes, Prohibition allowed anyone to produce a certain limit of fruit juice each year, but later on, the government banned the sales of grapes juices to prevent illegal wine production.

  • The National Prohibition Act of America restricted the production and sale of intoxicated liquors like wine that grapes went underground and American wine industry was halted.

    Is this fine?

  • During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century cheap beverages like rum and whisky were introduced in America which lead to epidemic alcoholism that paved way for spousal abuse, family neglect and chronic unemployment, although various activist groups were formed to revolt against it but it was in vain due to political in-fighting.

  • Alcoholism became a major threat to America by the late 18th and early 19th centuries after the availability of cheap and abundant liquors, and once the studies had revealed the disastrous effect of continuous liquor consumption on humans, many associations of citizens began protests for their banning across the country.

  • The American wine industry were hugely shattered for a long period of time by the Volstead Act of ban on the production and sale of intoxicating liquors, but the grape wines manufactured under the authority of medicinal purposes were yielded and consumed illegitimately, which also was forbidden shortly thereafter.

  • The temperance movement that started with the Benjamin Rush’s 1784 tract, as a result of increased alcohol abuse in American households, was an inquiry into the ill effects of alcohol on human mind and body which led to the creation of various temperance associations across the country that advocated check on the amount of alcohol consumed and not abstinence.

  • The National Prohibition Act of 1920, which lasted for 13 years, completely destroyed the American wine industry by initially prohibiting the manufacturing, sale and transportation etc. of liquors for beverages and later by banning the sale of grape juice preventing illegal wine production to an extent that out of 700 wineries in California only 160 survived.

  • In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century excessive alcoholism affected adversely many social issues , however, with positive influence of Dr Rush’s Inquiry many people protested and joined associations in order to ban whiskey and alcohol .

    please review and score.

    • nineteenth century → nineteenth-century

      It appears that nineteenth century is missing a hyphen. Consider adding the hyphen(s).

      issues , → issues,

      It appears that you have improperly spaced some punctuation. Consider removing a space.

      Dr.

      The abbreviated title Dr seems to be punctuated incorrectly. Consider changing the punctuation.

      in order to → to

      The phrase in order to may be wordy. Consider changing the wording.

  • Hello Author,

    Please review the below texts…

    Due to The National Prohibition Act, American wine industry impacted very badly which resulted in grapes went underground literally and figuratively, so people started preparing high concentrated fruit juice and medicinal wines by using the loophole in the Volstead Act; however, later government stepped in and banned the sale of grape juice and illegal wine production.

    During late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, Americans started drinking far more alcohol than earlier which made cheap beverages more popular, however, many young agitation and movements started in many states of America which lead to ban the making of whiskey and other beverages.

    Thanks
    Sobhan Ch

  • In 1920, United States Prohibited the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes which nearly destroyed the wine industry but one loop hole in Act allowed manufacturing of two hundred gallons of fruit juice or cider each year which was ideal for making wine, though, it did not lasted for long as government banned sale of fruit juice also, resulting wine industry ground to a halt.

    • lasted → last

      It appears that the verb lasted is incorrectly used with the helping verb did. Consider changing it to the base form.

  • Once a successful industry-American wine industry rapidly collapsed after the 18th Amendment in 1920 banning wine production; however, wine production and sales was allowed for medical purposes but, even this was stopped after the government banned the sale of grape juice to stop illegal wine production .

    • was → were

      It appears that the singular verb ‘was’ does not agree with the plural compound subject ‘wine production and sales’. Consider changing the verb to the plural form.

  • Due to the Eighteenth Amendment in United stats Constitution in 1920, which prohibit wine manufacturing has drastically affected wine industry creating a business opportunity for the criminal community which used loopholes in the act , however, the government has intervened and stopped such activities.

  • Dear author,

    kindly your help to review below summary, thanks in advance:

    Although the United States adopted a regulation to squeeze wine industry in 1920, People at that time found a loophole by getting wine from pharmacy and making grabe juice, perfect alternative of wine, which got banned as well by the government.

    • – the perfect or a perfect
      The noun phrase ‘perfect’ alternative seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

      – the pharmacy or a pharmacy
      The noun phrase ‘pharmacy’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

  • During 1920,the Unites States enacted National Prohibition Act popularly known as Volstead Act prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation,import, export, delivery or possession of intoxicating liquors for beverage purpose which resulted in closure of hundreds of wineries and vineyards, while the act contained loopholes for production of concentrated grape juice which was later completely banned by the government putting the American wine industry to a stop.

  • Due to various factors such as family abuse, unemployment triggered increase in consummation of alcohol, but from Dr Rush’s inquiry revealed that increase consummation of alcohol may cause various health issue, since then various Association formed across America to ban the substance, but political differences had stalled the movement.

    Please review..

    • – an increase or the increase
      The noun phrase ‘increase’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

      -the consummation
      The noun phrase ‘consummation’ seems to be missing a determiner before it. Consider adding an article.

      – may → might
      It appears that the verb may in the dependent clause uses the wrong tense. Consider changing it to the past or past perfect tense.

      – Repetitive word: various
      The word various appears repeatedly in this text. Consider using a synonym in its place.

  • Dear Author, Please advice.

    The National Prohibition Act, which came into existence in 1920 has prohibited the sale, exportation, delivery of liquors that destroyed the entire industry for nearly thirteen years, but, the loophole in the amendment, allowed the pharmacists to sell fortified wines and that too was banned by the government in a short span.

  • The National Prohibition Act, which continued for thirteen years, provided a grim setback to the wine industry and only allowed the manufacturing of wine for medicinal purposes though some bootleggers found illegal ways for its production but US government banned the plantation of vineyards.

  • The Temperance movement was started by Benjamin Rush in 1784 to stop growing abuse of alcoholism in America, several young organisations sprouted and advocated temperance or levelness rather than abstinence of alcohol, the movement was stalled in 1820s due to political in-fighting.

  • After introducing Eighteenth Amendment in 1990 USA wine industry struggled a lot and faced many challenges in manufacturing and imports, using a loophole in that amendment many people produced wine illegally, at last government identified that loophole and banned on illegal wine production after that wine industry was able to recover from issues.

  • Various factors such as unemployment and family abuse had contributed to an epidemic consumption of alcohol among Americans in the form of Whisky and rum, however later on temperance associations were formed by farmers in many US states to ban whisky making, influenced by Bush’s inquiry about various health hazards with excessive consumption, afterwards this movement stalled due to political issues.

  • The implementation of Volstead Act in 1920 devastated the American wine industry with extreme complications on import-export business along with manufacturing and sales, although one loophole allowed manufacturing for medical purpose, was later on banned by the government to prevent illegal production.

    Author please review

  • Once the thriving wine industry of USA was prohibited by The Volstead Act, Which Lasted 13 years, But its loopholes gave criminal economy by making various medical wines and juices, the government banned was imposed on illegal production.

  • The American wine industry was once a thriving national industry but it all stopped due to the Volstead Act and the government’s ban of sale of grape juice from 1920.

  • During the national prohibition act which was introduced to prohibit the wine industry in the United States of America, people still made medicinal wines and sacramental wines through loopholes of the act until the government intervened and stopped it completely.

  • Temperance associations in US were formed by farmers to ban the making of whisky and starting of after DR Rush found excessive use of alcohol injurious to health but this movement stalled by early 19820 due political in-fight

  • The Volstead Act in 1920, impacted badly on the vine yards industry and rule was having lot many flaws and paramount and augment illegal vine import.

  • The wine industry was devastated by implementing the Volstead Act in the USA; therefore, merely 160 wineries were left in California but initially, new Act allows to produce and sell two hundred gallons of fruit juice which later halts by the Government to prevent illegal wine production in the country.

  • The prohibition from Volstead Act,leads to massive loss on American national wine industry, as a result, the number of people takes advantage on manufacturing illegal wine with grape juice which could not either sustain longer in front of the government.

  • USA implemented The National Prohibition Act to banned intoxicating liquor, However the drawback of this act was it allowed to manufacturer to sale 200 gallons of grape fruit juice in a year which was ideal for wine making ,But People take this concession as a opportunity than government stepped in and banned grape juice to prevented illegal wine production.

  • Americans started to drink cheap alcohols heavily and started to neglect and abuse family members due to various factors and unemployment, however an inquiry by Dr.Rush reveled the effects of alcohol on physical and mental which sparked the US states to form young movement to ban whiskey which later stalled because of political in-fighting.

  • Due to various factors and unemployment in late centuries Americans started to drink cheap alcohols heavily and started to neglect and abuse family members, however an inquiry by Dr.Rush reveled the effects of alcohol on physical and mental which sparked the US states to form young movement to ban whiskey which later stalled because of political in-fighting.

  • The Volstead Act of 1920 in US made wine industry to ground halt and made criminal offense if anyone involved in any type of wine production for almost 13 years, but there were some loophole which people grabbed and started to store 200 gallons of fruit juice and cider each year which later stooped by the government.

  • Volstead act of 1920 puts ban on American wine industry for almost 13 years, however there was a loophole which allowed people to produce 200 gallons of fruit juice and cider each year which was later on stopped by the government.

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