Women Empowerment Essay: Emancipation, Strategies, and Challenges
In India, women have rights which they can practice for the status of equality, but unfortunately, in reality, the society has many misconceptions regarding these laws passed by the Government. The religious customs and beliefs followed by the people make them unfair towards women or girl child. It is crucial that we wake up and take responsibility for these issues as the number of headlines related to rape, abduction, and killing of girl child after sex. It is crucial to resolve these problems from the root and eradicate it before the matter gets difficult to control. Increasing number of suicide and death of women, preventing them from education and other such factors will eventually affect the people in the country in a long-run.
You can use ‘Women empowerment Essay’ as a reference for writing your essay. You can take the help of the points we have mentioned in this essay. The structure of the essay is as follows:
- Importance of Women Empowerment
- Need for women empowerment in India
- Issues and problems faced by women
- Role of Government
Women Empowerment Essay
Women empowerment is granting women the freedom to make the required life choices for themselves. Patriarchal society in most countries has been the main reason for discrimination against women in most of the countries all over the world. Even if 50% of the population consists of women, the rights, and authority to make a decision are denied to women. Hence, women empowerment has not been entirely accepted by most countries, and this is becoming a significant issue in the overall development of a nation. Preventing women from the rights that they deserve will bring down the status of a country in future.
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2. Importance of women empowerment
The importance of women empowerment is highlighted below with the rights and laws passed by the Government.
1. Individual rights- A woman should have the freedom to share and express her opinion. Individual empowerment can be conquered by gaining self-confidence and right decisions. Hence, it is essential that women should be aware of their rights and social positions.
2. Empowering women education- Education plays a significant role in social, economic and political areas where gender equality should be given more preference compared to the present condition. It is also crucial that women and men should get equal opportunities, rights, and facilities regarding pursuing the desired career.
3. Economic and occupation – It is vital to reduce the financial dependence of women by making significant changes in the human resources. A better lifestyle can be opted by family and society if women are encouraged for cottage or small businesses.
4. Awareness of legal knowledge – There is an effective legal structure which supports women empowerment and the importance of spread awareness among women. It can be leveraged to diminish the gap between the preference given to men and women.
5. Political Empowerment – Women participation should be encouraged in politics concerning the decision-making process. The laws passed to support women empowerment are as follows:
- Article 14– Equality
- Article 16 (2)– Equal Opportunities
- Article 23– Prohibition of human trafficking and forced labour
- Article 39(a)– Both men & women equally have the right to sufficient means of livelihood
- Article 40(after the 73rd Amendment) – Reservation of 1/3rdof seats in Gram panchayats for women
- Article 42–Better working conditions for women & sufficient maternity leave
- Article 51 A (e)– One of the duties of every citizen is to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of woman.
3. Need for women empowerment in India
Although the government has introduced different initiatives to empower women in India, women are taken for granted at various levels in different areas. In social, political and economic gatherings there has been noticeable discrimination when it comes to women participation. Only a certain number of women are seen working I such scenarios, and this number has to increase now and should be equal to men.
Women education has been a crucial topic for discussion for a long time and many a times government has played a significant role in making it better. Even after pressing efforts, it has been observed that the overall rate of literacy in men is more compared to women during the census calculated every year.
Other than these long-term goals, there have been numerous headlines of rape, abduction, dowry and harassment cases every day. Hence, there is a need for reducing poverty, eliminating violence against women and initiating quality education. Apart from this, it is essential to spread awareness among women to self-empower themselves. It can bring a substantial positive change in a very limited period.
4. Issues and problems faced by women
There are innumerable challenges faced by women in India are mentioned below:-
1. Abortion of female infants is one of the most common and disturbing issues practised for a long time in India. It is performed after sex determination and by trained medical professionals who encourage this kind of actions.
2. S*xual harassment of girl child has made headlines many times, on different mediums and social media. This terrible act leads to death, suicide and different kind of prolonged illness in a child.
3. Dowry is another problem which has been resolved to a greater extent in India, but it still exists in many parts of the country. Bridegroom’s parents should understand towards the situations faced by bride’s parents in such scenarios.
4. The level of education provided to women is less compared to men, and many remain illiterate.
5. Domestic violence affects 70% of Indian women, and it negatively affects their life. It is usually practised by their husbands and family members or relatives.
6. Child Marriages arranged by parents at an early stage to escape from dowry is another major issue faced by girls in rural India.
7. If a girl is not provided adequate nutrition during childhood, it affects women in their future and has prolonged consequences which can drastically change their health.
8. There are cases where women are ill-treated and given low status in the family.
9. There is no respect for widows in some parts of her nation, and they are considered worthless. It is a classic example of inequality between men and women, as men are treated well in every situation.
Apart from the contribution from the Government, it is necessary to change the perception of the society towards such sensitive issues to lessen the unwanted burden and responsibility for women.
5. Role of Government and challenges faced in women empowerment initiatives
There are various issues like social norms, status and family structure which create a problem for women empowerment in India. The primary question arises right from the birth of a child, as more preference is given to a son over the birth of a girl child. It has been observed that the society is more biased towards a male child at every a stage of life compared to a female child. The main reason for this kind of beliefs that give priority to a male child comes from a traditional mindset in the Indian society. Several challenges are coming up, and focusing on these problems can bring hope for a better change in this area. Below listed are few difficulties faced by the Government while resolving women empowerment.
If we judge this situation based on facts, then according to a recent census, 82% adult men are educated, whereas the literacy rate adult women is only 65% in India. Hence, it is one of the areas which need primary focus.
Poverty is not only a threat to the women population but also a significant issue within the country. Hence, focusing on this point through women empowerment can bring a massive change in the nation as a whole.
- Health and Safety:-
Healthcare facilities and women safety have been a question for an extended period. It is high time that we take this challenge seriously to make the world a better place for women.
Women empowerment is all about giving them the power to take their own decision and letting them lead an independent life. Apart from this it also uplifts their contribution towards the society and equal importance in every point of life and the community. Women empowerment is undoubtedly the ultimate solution to most of the problems faced by the developing countries. Women empowerment is not just about resolving the challenges faced by women, but also an issue that is affecting the most of the countries in different areas like social, economic and political. Encouraging women for participating in health, career, education and other responsibilities can bring a positive change with guaranteed results.
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